An Indus House had thick walls that kept their houses cool in the heat of summer. Some houses had just one room. Big houses had many rooms arranged around a central courtyard. There were no windows onto the main street. By having no windows it kept dust an dnoise out. Side windows let in air and light. All that is left today in those cities are the ground floors of houses that once had two or three floors. People still are not sure if people painted the walls of their homes. Most people living in an Indus city had small homes which were also used as workshops. For richer families, the courtyard was a calm and relaxing place where children could play there with toys and with pets such as monkeys, dogs, and birds. The people also had a private well for water.
I was hot all year round, so people wore thin clothes. Workmen probably wore a loincloth. Rich men wore tunics, and women wore dresses that probably covered much of the body though some could have been topless. Both men and women wore jewellery, especially beads and arm-bangles. Some women had fancy hairstyles with braids and beads. Others arranged their hair in headdresses shaped like fans.
Indus familes had flat roofs. The roof was made of wooden beams, filled with reedmats covered with wet mud-plattered dried hard and firm enough to walk on. Families used the roof as an extra room. They sometimes slept up there, sat and talked to company, and stared at the stars. The roof was a nice place to store things, or people could work on the roof.
Indus people cooked on fire made from wood, charcoal, or dried animal dung. They cooked bread on hot stones or in ovens. In the bathroom, people stood on a brick 'shower tray' and dumped water onto themselves from a jar. The clean water came from a well. The dirty water drained through a pipe out through the wall into the drain in the street. Toilets had brick seats. The toilet was flushed with water from jars. The waste flowed out through clay pipes into the same drain as the water from a shower went. Cleaners dug out the pit and took away rubbish bins on the side of houses.
Most people were poor, and had to work for their food.The people farmed, hunted, and made things. The wealthy people in the Indus city were people who owned a lot of land, or the traders who controlled the buying and selling of luxury goods, such as rugs, minerals, jewels, and metals. The rich traders loaded their ships and sailed off across the sea. They wore nice clothes, and lived in bug houses with slaves and servants. Poor traders went to the market to sell fruit, fish, or even clay pots. Indus people did not use money. They measured wealth by how much land a person owned, or by how many cattle, or by how many sacks of grain the person had.
This presentation was by Samantha Dunphy and Keagan Smith