1.In which wave did they arrive? When and where did they enter the United States?Where did they settle?
2.What were the specific push/pull factors that brought them to America at the time?
3.What impact/contribution have they made in America both economically & culturally?
1. Cuban immigrants came to America during the 3rd wave of immigration. In 1956 Fidel Castro led a revolution and was planning to introduce communism. Many well of Cubans left the island and entered America through Florida. Shortly after settling the problem with the Peruvian Embassy Castro allowed Cubans to leave the island. About 120,000 Cubans reached Florida beaches before the U.S government stopped boats from heading to Cuba. Many Cubans who came without family that was already in america settled in refugee camps located in Florida,Wisconsin, Arkansas, and Pennsylvania.
2. The main reason for Cuban immigrants leaving Cuba was because of the revolution and dictatorship that was occurring during the 1950’s. Many Cubans fled to Florida’s coast trying to flee cuba and settle into the area. In 1959, Fidel Castro led a revolution and over through the dictatorship and began a communist regime. The Cuban immigrants were clearly looking for an exit to this dictatorship and a new and better life. Castro announced that any Cuban would be allowed to leave the country. Word of this announcement spread quickly through Florida's Cuban community. Overnight, Florida Cubans got together a fleet of boats they owned, rented, or chartered. They sent this fleet racing for Cuba. Over the next few days, Cuban gunboats met the boats from Florida and escorted them into Cuba's Mariel Harbor.
3. Cubans in Miami formed a very close and cohesive community, and they quickly began founding businesses, banks, and Cuban American institutions, as well as finding jobs for later arrivals. Cuban culture influenced the American culture with Cuban style food. Cubans have opened up their own restaurants and shared their food and culture with people all around the U.S. The culture of Cuba quickly spread as the number of Cubans emigrated to America. Other Cuban products such as Cuban cigars are popular but illegal and expensive. Transportation of these products from Cuba to America are difficult. Cuban artists have also had a profound influence on U.S. culture, as musicians like Celia Cruz and Chano Pozo have brought Cuban dances, from the rumba to the mambo to the conga, onto North America dance floors.