Social Studies common exam reveiw

Demarcracy

Governed by the whole population, usually elected leaders

Direct demarcacy

all citizens have a chance to participate, the people directly control and are responsible for the laws that govern their society

Example: Switzerland, Latin America

Representative Demarcracy

like direct democracy, governed by the people. And elected leaders are chosen to write and ,manage laws for the country.

Example: United States, United Kingdom, Poland

Autocracy

political power is controlled by one

ex: North Korea, China

Monarch

When the ruler is king, queen, prince, or princess and the power is inherited

Ex: Australia, Bahamas

Absolute Monarch

monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people

ex: united kingdom

Constitutional Monarch

which a king or queen acts as Head of State. The ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not with the Monarch.

ex: Belgium, Norway

Dictatorship

Ruled by a leader

ex: Chad, Egypt , china

Theocracy

priests rule in the name of God or a god

ex: Iran

Oligarchy

a small group of people rule over

ex: Russia, Venezuela

Anarchy

absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal

ex: France, Greece, Spain

Communism

a form of socialism—a higher and more advanced form, according to its advocates. Exactly how communism differs from socialism has long been a matter of debate, but the distinction rests largely on the communists' adherence to the revolutionary socialism of Karl Marx

ex: Cuba, Vietnam