Continuity and Change in the United States

Throughout history change and continuity have been an ever present entity. The wheels of change never cease to turn. The pinprick in history that is my life has been no exception. Change has been a immense factor not only affecting me but the world around me during the span of my life. The recession caused change to the economy, debates over civil rights has contributed to the continuity of our nation, and culture has became an influence in every change that occurs. These events contributed to change and continuity through America in the world still being viewed negatively American politics is flourishing along with power, and culture has been changing with many different influences. Even though, America's influence in the world may be seen as positive the events throughout 1998-2015 illustrate otherwise.

Document A:

Apple Computers Inc.

February 27, 1998

Source: Apple Discontinues Development of Newton OSCUPERTINO, February, 1998.

Apple Discontinues Development of Newton OSCUPERTINO, California--Feb. 27, 1998--Apple Computer, Inc. today announced it will discontinue
further development of the Newton operating system and Newton OS-based products, including the
MessagePad 2100 and eMate 300.

"This decision is consistent with our strategy to focus all of our software development resources on

extending the Macintosh operating system," said Steve Jobs, Apple's interim CEO. "To realize our

ambitious plans we must focus all of our efforts in one direction."

Apple is committed to affordable mobile computing, pioneered by the eMate, and will be serving this
market with Mac OS-based products beginning in 1999.

Apple will continue to market and sell its current inventory of MessagePad 2100 and eMate 300
computers, as well as to provide support for their installed base of users. The Company is committed

to working with its customers and developers to ensure a smooth transition to Mac OS-based products.

Apple Computer, Inc. ignited the personal computer revolution in the 1970s with the Apple II, and
reinvented the personal computer in the 1980s with the Macintosh. Apple is now recommitted to its

original mission - to bring the best personal computing products and support to students, educators,
designers, scientists, engineers, businesspersons and consumers in over 140 countries around the

The statements in this document regarding future products and strategy are forward looking and

subject to risk and uncertainty. Potential risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the

demand from consumers and businesses and competitive factors. For a detailed discussion of

factors that may affect the Company's operating results, interested parties should review the

Company's SEC reports, including Apple's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended

September 26, 1997, as well as the Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 26,


Theme: Technology

Historical Context: Apple made the decision to discontinue the development of Newton OSCUPERTINO with their intentions to be focusing on all their resources improving the Macintosh operation system. During the time of publication,this type of technology was on the rise as new. This article was directed towards those early technology users to inform them. The article informed it's audience through, educating them on their reasons for discontinuing their development which was to expand technology in a more efficient manner.

Reflection: Apple discontinues Development of Newton OSCUPERTINO is reflective towards the theme of technology because the internet was invented in 1983. The internet then became recgonizeable in the 1990's when a computer scientist, Tim Berners-Lee invented the world wide web. Towards the end of the 1990's such as the year this article was published computers have hit their peak. New technology was on the rise and was the primary focus of the time. The Macintosh operation system is a graphical user interfaced-based operation system that has been established in Apple computers. Historians can use this source can find this source significant in the future because it accurately represents the pros of discontinuing the development in order to better the future of technology.

Document B:

Serge Schmemann

September 12, 2001

Source: Hijacked Jets Destroy Twin Towers and Hit Pentagon, September, 2001.

Theme: America In the World

Historical Context: The attack on September 11, 2001 was the biggest tragedy in American history. It was the first time an attack on Americans was on American soil. The intended audience of this article at the time was all Americans with the purpose of informing those about the tragedy that had occurred.

Reflection: America was so hated in the world such as the location of Al Qaeda who preformed the terrorist attack, which is primarily ran in Afghanistan. This visual representation on 9/11 is directly linked to the theme, America in the World because it is a representation of how a society countries away can harm America. Historians can use this New York Times visual representation to analyze the actions the terrorist preformed in order to go through with their planned attack. The historians are also able to use this to predict future attacks and may be able to prevent them from occurring.

Document C:


December 19, 2008

Source: Top Pop Culture Moments of 2008

The Obama slogan "Yes We Can" ricochets across the Web in rapper and songwriter WILL.I.AM's viral video hit, starring a host of celebrities. It's not the only good news for Obama: His campaign raises a staggering $55 million this month, a success attributed to small donations gathered on the Internet.

And "SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE" spoofs the media's fondness for Obama - later, Clinton will refer to the skit in a real debate.

HOLLYWOOD WRITERS, meanwhile, end their 100-day strike. Days later, the OSCARS air to dismal ratings.

Theme: Culture

Historical Context: The 2008 presidential election was the election that received the most attention. This was due to the fact that a black male, Barack Obama was running for office for the first time in the history of the nation. Obama was running for the democratic vote. The intended audience of this article was those who were followers of the democratic party. Obama's presidential slogan was "Yes We Can!" and followers of the democratic party would be capable of understanding the slogan.

Reflection: Instead of Obama's slogan, "Yes We Can!" being strictly for politics it hit off in American culture. Obama's campaign was now heard in songs on the radio, in skits on the very popular, Saturday Night Live, and Hollywood writers used the slogan. Not only was the 2008 presidential election popular, but it was also reflective in America's culture rather than just in politics. Historians will be able to find this source significant in the future because they will be able to analyze political campaigns as something that isn't just strictly politics.

Document D:

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities


Source: Long-Term Unemployment

Theme: Work

Historical Context: The recession hit America hard with the crash of the housing market. This resulted in the loss of consumption, combined with the collapse of the financial market, and the collapsing of big businesses. Unemployment rates were on the rise along with the rates of long-term unemployment rates. The directed audience of this 2010 graph representing the rates for long-term unemployment is directed to Americans that have became unemployed due to the recession. The graph illustrates to them the rates of long-term unemployment.

Reflection: The long-term unemployment graph contributes to the theme, work because it illustrates the lack of Americans with jobs during 2010. America was going through a recession and the amount of people with jobs was declining. This graph is very significant to historians because incase of another recession historians will be able to look back upon this graph and predict the rates of long-term unemployment. Historians will also be able to predict how the recession will effect the American family.

Document E:

Boston Herald

May 2, 2011

Source: Boston Herald, Monday, May 2, 2011

Theme: Power

Historical Context: Osama Bin Laden was the mastermind behind the 9/11 attack and leader of Al Qaeda. On May 2, 2011 American soldiers went into Pakistan were they then terminated Bin Laden for his involvement on  planning the 9/11 attack. The directed audience for this visual representation of the death of Bin Laden is directed to all Americans, but especially New Yorkers who were directly effected by the attack.

Reflection: The killing of Bin Laden expresses the power in America. The military was able to find where he had been hiding for ten years and go there to kill not only him, but his whole family for revenge. America's actions in this situation clearly illustrates power. Historians will be able to use this visual representation. Historians will be able to use this source for the future to express the growth in the power of America.

Document F:

The Young Turks

March 27, 2013

Soruce: Gay Marriage- The Supreme Court's Deciding Vote

Theme: Politics

Historical Context: The civil rights movement began in the 1960's, but it wasn't until 2013 when the Supreme Court decides to make a ruling on gay marriage. The Supreme Court had five conservatives testifying against gay marriage and five justices testifying for gay marriage. These recordings of oral history in the supreme court are directed towards those are homosexual because this matter directly effects their rights.

Reflection: This conversational topic on gay marriage represents American politics because the Supreme Court has ruling over legalizing gay marriage. Even though, there are five people representing each view point of gay marriage ultimately the Supreme Court makes the decision. Historians can find this significant for the future because it will add to the history of civil rights of homosexuals and the challenges they have faced throughout the years in American society.

Document G:

Franklin Graham

May 25, 2014


Theme: America in the World

Historical Context: Years after 9/11 a new group of terrorists known as, ISIS was formed. ISIS has been known for capturing Americans and sending videos of them executing those captured. ISIS is primarily located in Iraq and Syria. The intended audience of this tweet was to ISIS and Americans, warning both of the harm that may come their way.

Reflection: This tweet goes along with America in the world because ISIS has formed away from America and has focused on attacking Americans. This tweet can be helpful to historians because historians will be able to analyze the terroristic groups now to be able to predict future ones.

Document H:

ABC News

April 24 , 2015

Source: "I am a Woman"

Theme: Culture

Historical Context: In today's society there continues to be controversy over those who are homosexual and/or transgender. This interview changes the view point in America's culture on the topic of transgender because it is a well known person coming out to talk about it. This interview is directed towards those who are transgender or feel like that is who they are. The interview is used to encourage others to not fear who they truly are.

Reflection: For years being transgender has been looked down upon in American in society, but when olympic track star and reality television personality became a woman it has been more accepted. When a famous person comes out as different it changes the American culture. In this way it has created a more positive and accepting culture for the transgender society. Historians can use this interview in the future to analyze the change in view points in society about those who are transgender.

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