The Dynasties of China

The Sui Dynasty

The Sui Dynasty was found by Wendi and Wendi was also the first emperor. Wendi reunified China. Wendi did so by using earlier dynasties as models, he worked to build a centralized government. Wendi restored order, created a new legal code, and reformed the bureaucracy. He also made sure that a policy was created to provide all adult males with land and to ensure that they had grain available to them. The greatest accomplishment was the grand canal which is a 1,000 mile waterway linked northern and southern China. This made it much easier for them to exchange resources. The development of the Canal took several years to complete. Wendi forced lots of peasant's to work on the Canal and other projects. The conditions were very hard on the peasants and thousands of labors died. The fall of the Sui dynasty was due to a series of failed military campaigns. It was official in 618 an official assassinated Wendi and the Su dynasty came to an end.

The Tang Dynasty

When the Sui general seized power and found the tang dynasty. The tang dynasty ruled China for nearly 300 years. Cultural achievement's and prosperity were accomplished under the Tang rule. The Tang dynasty government and other institutions served as models across east Asia. The tang spread their beliefs and influenced all across East Asia. Their capital was located at Chang'an and they had a second capital located at Luoyang. The tang made sure that the government control remained centralized and that it was their main focus. Tang rulers also created a flexible law code which became a model for law codes in Korea and Japan. Lots of the Tang's expansion was during the rule of Taizong one of China's most admired emperors. The Tang dynasty declined in the 750s, around 755 the government became very weak. Also the military defeats led to the loss of tang lands in central Asia and the North. Finally a powerful emperor in 907 was killed and that was the end of the Tang dynasty.

The Song Dynasty

The song dynasty ruled for 300 years and within those years they produced great achievements and prosperity. Under this rule China became the most advanced civilization in the world. The Songs Capital was the Kaifeng and restored centralized government control. To enlarge their empire they enlarged the government bureaucracy. They also developed a new form of Confucianism, called Neo-Confucianism. The Civil service exams were very hard to pass and if you did pass this exam then you became a scholar-official (educated members of the government). Some cultural achievements were in literature and art. The tang period produced some of China's greatest poets, the poems were manly written about expressed feelings about Confucianism or the horrors of war, and others were written about friendships, the joys of life, and nature. Chinese paintings were also very popular during this time, some other things that were used were exquisite objects made out of clay. In the department of Science and technology one of the greatest achievements was gun powder and this dramatically impacted how they fought in war. Another achievement was the development of the magnetic compass. New irrigation techniques were also developed to grow two or three crops a year instead of just one. Trade expanded through this dynasty as well due to the help of roads and canals. Foot binding for Women was becoming very common. This was mostly common in wealthy women because their husbands wanted them to be waited on and this way it made it very hard for the to walk.