Come to Greece!
It's bigger and better!
Miss coming to Greece? Miss the architecture? The philosophy? The theater? The science? Well, great news! We've rebuilt Athens to where it's bigger and better than before! We've got your math, your theater, your science, your sports, your philosophy, and of course, your architecture! Don't miss YOUR chance to come to Athens, Greece!
Going to the Dionysus theater is a regular part of Athenian life, so you should come too! The Dionysus theater can hold thousands of people, so I'm sure you'll fit in! Be prepared to see a lot of men actors, because there are absolutely NO women actors! You might think it's a woman, because of the masks that the men wear, but it's actually a man! The men wear masks to hide the fact that they're a man, and to show their emotions.Greek plays originate from the songs and dances that the Greeks sing at Harvest to honor Dionysus. But, the plays also told stories, and included a few main characters, with a chorus. The chorus was a group of men that commented on the actors actions. 5th century B.C. is the Golden age of Greek theater, so don't miss out!
The word "philosophy" means "love of wisdom" in Greek. One of the greatest Greek philosophers was Socrates. Socrates always questioned everything and everybody. In 399 B.C.E. he was sentenced to death, but he always encouraged people to question what they think that they know. And I encourage you to come on down to Greece to learn a bit more about Greek philosophy!
Because Greeks value the mind and a healthy body, this led them to sports. In fact, the Greeks often held athletic events honoring Greek god and goddesses. One of the well known goddess is Athena. Actually, the Panathenaea games was held in her honor. If you don't come, you're missing out! In the Panathenaea games, the events consist of horse/chariot races, footraces, boxing, wrestling and more. In combat sports, such as boxing and wrestling, there are no rules! Isn't that fun?Another well known god is Zeus. In fact, the Olympics are held in his honor. The Olympics are held every four years and still remain to this day.
Greeks often looked for logical answers to natures mysteries, but one scientist, Pythagoras, believed that numbers were the key to understanding nature. In fact, Pythagoras, started a school where students developed mathematical skills. Pythagoras was also fascinated by geometry. Geometry began as a way to measure land, so using geometry, they could figure out how to lay out a city, or how much seeds they needed for their farming. Another mathematician, Euclid, invented a textbook that became the basis of math for the next 2,000 years.
Greek architecture is some of the greatest in the world. The temples were built as places for gods and goddesses. Temples showed the importance of balance and order in the Greeks idea of beauty. The temples were all very similar. They all had columns, but not necessarily the same type. The types of columns were Doric (the simplest), Iconic (thin with spirals at top), and Corinthian (the complex). Most temples had a basic, main room with a statue honoring the temple's god or goddess.
The early Greeks believed that the natural events that happened (sickness, health) were caused by the gods and goddesses. They also believed that illnesses were sent down as punishment from the gods and goddesses. But of course, the Greeks knew nothing about natural healing and causes. But a man named Hippocrates shone science on the situation and he believed that diseases had natural causes. In fact, Hippocrates is often called "the father of medicine." Moving on from anatomy to astronomy, a Greek scientist named Aristarchus, was the first person to suggest that the earth moved around the sun. Actually, Aristarchus, is called the Greek astronomer of the world because he studied and named more than 850 stars, and figured out how to calculate the distance to the moon from earth. His theories later allowed scientists to accurately predict eclipses.
Now, you're probably wondering how this all applies to our world today, and I'm getting to that part. Greek theater applies to our lives because we still have theater today, and our theater probably wouldn't be as good as it is today if wasn't for the Greeks. The philosophies apply to us because we live by these philosophies everyday. In school, at home, at work, everywhere. The sports apply to us because we still have the Olympics to this day, and we wouldn't, if not for the Greeks. And the math, we still use Greek math today, and math is important in our daily lives. Architecture applies to us because we still use columns on our buildings today. And lastly, science applies to us because we still study stars and medicine, and we have that knowledge thanks to the Greeks. We can thank the Greeks for a lot because they had a lot of impact on our life today.