- Key Points in Distinguishing …
Paraphrasing – putting what is said into your own words.
Summarizing – putting into your own words and using only the
Quoting – exactly identical to the original source
- KEYS TO PARAPHRASING:
Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning.
Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card.
Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form.
Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source.
Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper.
SO WHAT IS THIS? SUMMARIZING, PARAPHRASING, OR QUOTING???
Using quotes effectively
I used this video to go over various ways of quoting Patrick.
Annotating A Text
The goal of a research paper is to show that other prominent people or agencies agree with your ideas, but you must be careful to prevent plagiarism.
TIPS FOR PREVENTING PLAGIARISM
1. Make sure you correctly identify each speaker.
2. To paraphrase correctly, you must change the words and their structure
while keeping the ideas.
3. Use the ideas in such a way that they flow smoothly into your paper.
4. Only include relevant information.
5. Choose good, credible sources. Evaluate your website using this criteria.
6. Cite all ideas from other sources.
According to Purdue Owl, "Generally speaking, you can regard something as common knowledge if you find the same information undocumented in at least five credible sources."
Some helpful resources for citing your sources.
SUPPORTING YOUR THESIS
WHAT DO I LOOK FOR?
Also make sure you vary between
paraphrasing and quoting to help
with the flow of your paper.
ONE MORE NOTE ON PERSUASION
- ETHOS, PATHOS, LOGOS