Mother to Son...
This poem is about how a mother is telling her son about going through life, and tough times. She wants her son to keep moving and don't give up on life when it gets tough.
The main claim is that the mother is just telling her son to never turn back and keep moving in life.
The theme is "never turn back and keep moving."
The characters are the mother and then the son.
The figurative speech really means that the mother has had some tough times but she keeps pushing through, and also she is describing to her son that there are going to be tough times but we all have to keep moving forward in life.