History, Equipment, and Overview
History (Question 1)
Lacrosse was one of many varieties of indigenous stick ball games played of European contact. At the time, it was far more aggressive which was almost exclusively a male sport. Instead of being called "lacrosse", some people thought of it as "Indian Ball Game". Lacrosse was started by the Native Americans, so the game was initially played in the St. Lawrence Valley area by the Algonquian tribe and other tribes in the eastern half of North America and around the western Great Lakes.
Equipment (Question 2)
CHOOSING A LACROSSE HEAD
The angle, stiffness, width and weight are all important aspects to look at when selecting your new lacrosse head. There are different types of sticks including Offset, Cant, Curved and Onset. These all deal with stiffness vs. flexibility and narrow vs. wide that help in different ways with the positions played (defense, attack, goalie, midfield).
LACROSSE PROTECTIVE GEAR
For boys, they need more protection because of the difference in rules between girls and boys, so they use helmets, gloves, and padding unlike those who play girl's lacrosse. There are different varieties in helmets that all differ in weight, field of vision, and fitment. An important factor of the helmet is to make sure it is fit snug on your head to limit injuries.
The size of the glove is important to consider, as well as protective features, material, ventilation, and dexterity. Multiple gloves offer a wrist cuff to be adjusted to fit securely and provide maximum comfort and protection. When buying gloves for boys, you want to look for protection, ventilation, weight, and flexibility.
Something mandatory for girls and boys lacrosse teams are mouth guards. They should be at least visible for the upper mouth to protect your mouth from lacrosse balls, sticks, and other players.
Men's lacrosse is a contact game played by ten players: a goalie, three defensemen, three midfielders and three attackmen. The object of the game is to shoot the ball into the opponent's goal. The team scoring the most goals wins.
Each team must keep at least four players in its defensive half of the field and three in its offensive half. Three players (midfielders) typically roam the entire field.
Collegegames are 60 minutes long, with 15-minute quarters. Generally, high school games are 48 minutes long, with 12-minute quarters. Youth games, spanning all ages prior to high school, are typically 32 minutes long, with eight-minute quarters.
Teams change sides between periods, and each team is permitted two timeouts each half. The team winning the coin toss chooses the end of the field it wants to defend first.
The players take their positions on the field: four in the defensive clearing area (including a goalie), one at the center, two in the wing areas and three in their attack goal area.
Men's lacrosse begins with a face-off. The ball is placed between the sticks of two squatting players at the center of the field. The official blows the whistle to begin play.
Each face-off player tries to control the ball. The players in the wing areas can run after the ball when the whistle sounds. The other players must wait until one player has gained possession of the ball, or the ball has crossed a goal area line, before they can release.
Center face-offs are also used at the start of each quarter and after a goal is scored. Field players must use their lacrosse sticks to pass, catch and carry the ball. A player may gain possession of the ball by dislodging it from an opponent's stick with a stick check. A stick check is the controlled poking and slapping of the stick, gloved hands, or arms of the player in possession of the ball. A stick check may not be thrown at an opposing player's arm if the opposing player is not using that arm to control the lacrosse stick.
Body checking is permitted at most levels of lacrosse if the opponent has the ball or is within five yards of a loose ball. All body contact must occur from the front or side, above the waist and below the shoulders, and with both hands on the stick. An opponent's stick may also be stick checked if it is within five yards of a loose ball or ball in the air. Far more often than not, aggressive body checking is discouraged. If the ball or a player in possession of the ball goes out of bounds, the other team is awarded possession. If the ball goes out of bounds after an unsuccessful shot, the player nearest to the ball when and where it goes out of bounds is awarded possession.
An attacking player cannot enter the protective crease around the goal, but may reach in with his stick to scoop a loose ball.
Typically, a referee, umpire and field judge supervise field play. A chief bench official, timekeepers and scorers assist.
Checking: The movement should be down and away.If this is a long swiping motion, it's considered as a "slash" and is a Major Foul. You reach across your opponent's body to preform a check.Most importantly, it is a foul if a girl checks above the shoulders if the opponent.
Crease (Goal Circle): Only the goalie is allowed to enter and exit the circle. If any players enter (or even their stick), that is considered as a foul the opponent gets the ball.
Offsides: A team with more players over the restraining line than allowed.
Jewelry: No jewelry is allowed except medical alert jewelry which must be taped. Barrettes are allowed if they are not dangerous to others.
Pocket Depth: With the stick held level, a ball placed in the pocket must be visible above the sidewalls.
Whistle: When you hear the whistle, you stop where you are. In case of a game delay, for instance,an injury you might be asked to take a knee or leave the field and wait for play to resume. If you are asked to leave the field, you drop your stick where you are to mark your place and run to the sidelines.
3-Seconds (within 8m Arc): Defense cannot stand within the 8m Arc for more than 3 seconds without closely guarding an Attack player (within one stick length)
Blocking: You must allow the player with the ball enough room to stop or change direction.
Charging: If defense has already establish her position, the player with the ball cannot push or shoulder through her so there is a bodily contact.
Dangerous Propelling, Shot, or Follow: Through you cannot throw the ball, neither a shot nor a pass, in a way that is dangerous to another player, including the goalie.
Illegal Contact: Stick to body or body to stick.
Rough or Dangerous Check: Slashing or a check to the head.
Shooting Space: Defense not closely guarding Attack cannot stand between the goal and Attack, if Attack has the ball and is in position to score and looking to shoot.