Manufactured fibers

polyester, nylon, acrylic, rayon, acetate, spandex

Polyester: is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

  • Made from coal or petroleum
  • Strong and often blended with other fibers
  • Shrink and stretch resistant
  • Resistant to wrinkling

Nylon: was the first commercially successful synthetic thermoplastic polymer.

  • First fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals
  • Strong, durable, elastic
  • Dries quickly
  • Heat sensitive
  • Resists wrinkles and soil
  • Washes easily

Acrylic: an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

  • Resembles wool
  • soft and warm
  • Bulky, yet  lightweight
  • Quick drying
  • Pills easily

Rayon: is a manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber.

  • Soft, absorbent, and comfortable
  • Inexpensive
  • Stretches and is weak when wet
  • Mildews and wrinkles easily

Acetate: a sheet of clear plastic film fastened over the front of artwork for protection, as an overlay, or the like.

  • Very versatile
  • Inexpensive and easy to dye
  • Silky, luxurious
  • Deep luster, soft
  • Wrinkles easily
  • Special care needed in cleaning

Spandex: Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.

  • Known for its ability to stretch
  • Easily damaged by chlorine bleach
  • Soft, lightweight
  • Durable
  • Nonabsorbent

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