• Process in which a government gives power to lower groups of politics
  • Definition- the act or process by which a central government gives power, property, to local groups or governments


In Australia during 1978 the Australian Capital Territory refused self- territory, because of this they were given a limited self government by a house of assembly in 1979 and a Legislative assembly during 1988.

In the late 1980s a process of decentralization [to distribute the administrative functions or powers of (a central authority) among several local authorities.] was undertaken by the French government. Initially regions were created and elected regional assemblies set up. Together with the departmental councils these bodies have responsibility for infrastructure spending and maintenance (schools and highways) and certain social spending. They collect revenues through property taxes and various other taxes. In addition a large part of spending is provided by direct grants to such authorities