Exploring how does city with heavy industry treat to the environmental problem?
The southeast side of Chicago began to their industrial development since 1850s. The Calumet River was really important for the industrial development. Transportation, amusement, hunting, trapping.... Chicagoan starts to build industrial factories in Chicago. After the Civil War, the steel factories raised in Chicago’s Southeast Side. At one point the region was one of the largest steel producing regions in the world. Heavy industry, especially steel mills, came to the area after the Civil War drawn by natural features compatible with their business. In 1875, there were plans throw out that suggest to make the Calumet district became the largest steel producing center in the world. On July of that year, vast of citizens, locals gathering up in Calumet. The first steel plant territory.
Although industrial development effect Chicago even the United State GDP growth, the pollution problem became more and more serious, as the citizen population increase, pollution influence a lot. Chicagoan life quality and needs cause them feel uncomfortable to live in that environment.
For live, they couldn't stop working, they couldn't give up their factories. Day by day, night by night, workers keep working, sky glowed red at night from iron oxide particles spewed. Slag from blast furnaces was used to fill swampy land and extend the lake shore. Coal tars from coke plants and acids from finishing mills coated the Grand Calumet River. Although water quality in the southern tip of Lake Michigan showed a noticeable decline by the 1930s, rising levels of pollution during and after WWII a consequence of heightened industrial production, made the problem even worse. Slag debris fouled bathing beaches regularly and fish harvests of sturgeon, trout, and yellow perch declined precipitously.
A preoccupation with the health effects of biological wastes deflected public attention from steel mill pollution through the 1950s. Not until the emergence of the environmental movement in the 1960s were manufacturers compelled by federal law to trap most pollutants prior to the release of waste into the air and water. Yet corporations dumped much of the captured waste into poorly designed landfills, as this method of disposal was not carefully regulated until late 1970s.
Now day, as a modernization city, pollution became 21 century the heaviest issue. There are many volunteers start to organize some people to join the clean up activity.