Elements and Principles of Design.

Point: A basic element of design that can be described by coordinates on a plane.

Line:Can be used to define a boundary, indicate volume, create perspective and depth, create textures and patterns, suggest movement and imply emotion. There are four types of lines: vertical, Horizontal, diagonal, curved.

Color is described by hue, saturation and value. Color has a immediate and profound effect on design.

Value is the relative lightness or darkness of a color, object, or shape. This allows us to perceive shapes and the illusions of 3D objects on a 2D surface.

A shape is a 2D area enclosed in lines and curves. There are 3 types of shapes geometric, mechanical, and organic.

Form is a 3D volume or solid often implied on a 2D surface by careful use of volume.

  • Areas between and around parts of an image or the implied depth in that image. There are two types of space called negative space and positive space.
  • Texture is how a surface looks or feels. The two types of texture are smooth texture and Rough texture.

    Principles of Design.

    Used to draw attention to one area with a focal point which is a feature in a design that attracts the eye. Emphasis can be achieved through size, placement, shape contrast, and use of lines.

    Balance is the distribution of elements within a design or equal spacing of objects. The three different types of balance are symmetrical, radial, and asymmetrical.

    Used to draw attention to one area by using a focal point which is a feature in a design that attracts the eye. Emphasis can achieved through size, placement, shape, contrast, and the use of lines

    Contrast is the degree of relative difference between elements and can be used to emphasize an element of a design.

    Rhythm is the repeated use of line, shape, color, texture or pattern or a harmonious pattern or sequence. The four types of rhythm are regular, random, gradated, and graduated.

    Proportion is the relative size of one object in comparison to another.

    Unity is the consistent use of design elements andd can be described by completeness and harmony.

    Economy is the use of the bare minimum of elements and can be achieved by removing extraneous elements. With economy in simplicity there is beauty and less is more.

    Unit 5 key terms.

    The diameter is a straight line passing from side to side through the center of a circle or sphere.

    The center of gravity is a 3D point where the total weight of the body may be considered to be concentrated.

    Circumscribe is a triangle located round a polygon such as a circle.

    A ellipse is a shape generated by a pint moving in a plane so that the sum of its distances from two other points is constant and equal to the major axis.

    A triangle is a polygon with three sides.

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