John D. Rockefeller - owned Standard Oil company; master of horizontal integration; cornered the worldwide petroleum market
J.P. Morgan - banker who consolidated rival enterprises and brought them back to profitability; bought out Carnegie in US Steel for $400 million
Cornelius Vanderbilt - millionaire who made his money in steamboating; turned to a new career in railroading; became the railroad king; popularized the steel rail, which was safer
Andrew Carnegie - president of US Steel Corporation; pioneered the entrepreneurial tactic of vertical integration; donated $350 million in philanthropic
Jim Fiske/Jay Gould - printed new shares of stock of a company that Vanderbilt was trying to buy out, diluting all of the shares he was buying; Vanderbilt didn't get the company, and they made a ton of money
Thomas A. Edison - man who invented the phonograph, the mimeograph, the dictaphone and the moving picture; best known for inventing the light bulb in 1879
Alexander Graham Bell - man who invented the telephone in 1876; this invention allowed women to work on switchboards
Jacob Riis - photographer who showed the middle and upper class citizens the terrible conditions of the tenements
Boss Tweed - political boss who ran Tammany Hall in New York City; elected to congress in 1852; convicted of embezzlement in 1873, but escaped; later jailed again for a civil case
Thomas Nast - political cartoonist who exposed Boss Tweed, among other corrupt public officials.
Jane Addams - one of the first generation of college-educated women; established Hull House in Chicago in 1889; most prominent settlement house.
foremost champion of black education; ex-slave; called in 1881 to head the Tuskegee school for black.
W.E.B. DuBois - black leader who condemned Booker Washington; earned a Ph.D. at Harvard, first black man to do so; demanded complete equality for blacks
Ida Wells-Barnett - journalist and teacher who inspired black women to mount a nationwide antilynching crusade; helped launch the back women's club movement
Susan B. Anthony- helped found the National Woman Suffrage Association; attempted to vote in the 1872 presidential election