Go West To Success
By Olivia Diaz
Top Ten List
#10 - Eli Whitney's cotton gin:
Invention that separated the seeds and cotton which made life easier during the Industrial Revolution.
#9 - XYZ Affair:
Event where the Americans went to talk to the French to fix problems between them. When the Americans got there, the French demanded money before they negotiated.
#8 - Lewis and Clark's expedition:
Expedition where Lewis and Clark went to explore the new territory. They brought peace offerings just in case they encountered Native American tribes.
#7 - The Oregon Trail:
In the east there were a lot of economic troubles which caused tons of pioneers to go northwest along the Oregon Trail. The families traveled in Canasta, or Schooner Wagons.
#6 - Manifest Destiny:
It was the belief that the United States wanted to spread from sea to shining sea. It was also an example of freedom and equality for all.
#5 - The Louisiana Purchase:
The France had to pay for war with England so they sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million.
#4 - The Monroe Doctrine:
President Monroe made this which promised two things: The United States would not interfere with existing European colonies in North America, and that European nations would no longer attempt to colonize North America.
#3 - The War of 1812:
War between the American and the British where the American won. Also the war where the Star-Spangled Banner was written.
#2 - The Alamo:
A battle between the Mexicans and the Americans where the Americans lost and the Alamo fell after 12 days of fighting.
#1 - George Washington:
The first president of the United States who led us in and out of many battles with victories. He told us in his Farewell Address to stay our of foreign affairs and to not form political parties. He served only two terms as president because he did not want to act like a king who rules for a long time. This set a precedent for future leaders of America who only served two terms.
July 1794 - Whiskey Rebellion
~ George Washington put a tax on whiskey because he was concerned about the resistance from the Pennsylvania farmers. The farmers were upset about the tax, so they refused to drink whiskey. George Washington stopped this rebellion and said that the government could use force when they needed to control people.
September 17, 1796 - Farewell Address
~ When George Washington decided not to serve three terms as president, he created a precedent for future leaders of America and published a letter to everyone in the newspaper. The letter stated that people should avoid forming political parties and getting involved with foreign affairs.
October 5, 1813 - Tecumseh's death
~ Tecumseh was a Native American chief who organized a confederacy of tribes to expand. William Henry Harrison was afraid that the Native American tribes would make an alliance with the British and become a threat. Later on, during the Battle of the Thames, William killed Tecumseh, and Tecumseh put a curse on the presidents for every ten years.
December 24, 1814 - Treaty of Ghent signed
~ The Treaty of Ghent was signed by British and American representatives, signaling the end of the War of 1812. The treaty was signed in Ghent, Belgium. The treaty states that all territory that was conquered was to be returned, and plans were made to settle the boundaries between the United States and Canada.
March 3, 1820 - Congress passes the Missouri Compromise
~ The Missouri Compromise is an agreement that says Missouri is admitted as a slave state and Maine was admitted as a free state. This all started during sectionalism which pushed Missouri to want to be a new state. Henry Clay, who was from Kentucky, helped to negotiate the Missouri Compromise.
March 4, 1829 - Andrew Jackson becomes president
~ Andrew Jackson was admired as president because he comes from a poor background. Andrew Jackson was raised in a log cabin and had to work hard to become president. He had the nickname "Old Hickory" from war and was a perfect example of the American Dream.
May 28, 1830 - Indian Removal Act passed
~ Andrew Jackson wanted to move all Native Americans to the frontier. He pushed congress to pass the Indian Removal Act which forced all natives to move west to the new Indian Territory.
1830-1838 - The Trail of Tears
~ Many tribes resisted being moved from their homes, but the most resistant were the Cherokee in Georgia. Soon the army was sent to New Echota, Georgia to forcibly remove the Native Americans from their land. The natives had to walk from Georgia to Oklahoma across the Trail of Tears
April 21, 1836 - Battle of San Jacinto
~ Texas was led into this battle by Sam Houston and defeated General Santa Anna with a surprise attack. As the soldiers were fighting, they yelled, "Remember the Alamo." General Santa Anna later signed a treaty which showed the independence of Texas.
John Adams was a federalist who lived from 1735-1826. John Adams was the second president of the United States and his opponent, Thomas Jefferson, was his vice-president. John Adams only served one term as president, because he was beaten out of a second term by Thomas Jefferson. John served as president from 1797-1801. John Adams also was a person who helped people with his public services.
John Adams was the president involved in the XYZ affair. After the Americans came back from France and told John Adams what had happened, John decided to publish the news in the newspaper. Adams did not want to reveal the names of the people involved, so he used X, Y, and Z to keep the French men anonymous.
William Henry Harrison's Obituary
William Henry Harrison was born in Virginia on February 9, 1773 and died on April 4, 1841. William had a wife, Anna Harrison, and thirteen children. His father was Benjamin Harrison who had signed the Declaration of Independence, and was part of the Continental Congress. William's brother, Carter Harrison, had served in the U.S. House of Representatives.
In William's lifetime, he studied medicine at Richmond, he joined the First Infantry of the regular army, killed Tecumseh, became governor, and ended up being our ninth president. William was elected president by using the slogan, "Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too." After 32 days in office, William caught pneumonia and died making him the first president to die in office.
Angel Food Cake Recipe
- 1 3/4 cups sugar
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1 cup cake flour, sifted
- 12 egg whites (the closer to room temperature the better)
- 1/3 cup warm water
- 1 teaspoon of any extract you want, preferably orange
- 1 1/2 teaspoons cream of tartar
- 1) Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
- 2) In a food processor spin sugar about 2 minutes until it is superfine. Sift half of the sugar with the salt of the cake flour, setting the remaining sugar aside.
- 3) In a large bowl, use a balloon whisk to thoroughly combine egg whites, water, orange extract, and cream of tartar. After 2 minutes of this, switch to a hand mixer. Slowly sift the sugar from earlier, beating continuously at medium speed. Once you have achieved medium peaks, sift enough of the flour mixture in to dust the top of the foam. Using a spatula fold in gently. Continue until all of the flour mixture is incorporated.
- 4) Carefully spoon mixture into an ungreased tube pan. Bake for 35 minutes before checking for doneness with a wooden skewer. (When inserted halfway between the inner and outer wall, the skewer should come out dry).
- 5) Cool upside down on cooling rack for at least an hour before removing from pan.
By the Numbers
~ 8 years George Washington served as president.
~ 3 countries the United States decided to stay neutral in conflict with. (France, England, and Spain)
~ 71 votes John Adams earned in his presidential election.
~ 15 million dollars the United States payed for the Louisiana Purchase.
~ 6 months for the news of the Treaty of Ghent to spread to the United States.
~ 32 days it took for William Henry Harrison to die after he was elected president.
~ 17,000 Cherokee were forced to walk from Georgia to Oklahoma on the Oregon Trail.
~ 300 American families and Stephen F. Austin received permission to colonize in Mexico.
~ 12 days of fighting it took for the Alamo to eventually fall.
~ 5 pockets in Levi Strauss's first pants.
Map of Louisiana Purchase
The Louisiana Purchase was a negotiation between France and America. It took place during 1803. The Louisiana Territory was approximately 828,000 square miles and would expand America. The reason that the French sold the Louisiana Territory to America was so that the French could go to war with England, because war is expensive. This purchase was also considered one of president Thomas Jefferson's greatest achievement. The Louisiana Purchase stretched from the Gulf of Mexico in the south to the Canadian border in the north. It also was from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west. After the purchase, America started spreading to the west very quickly and soon the first state in the Louisiana Purchase to join the Union was formed.
- Mr. Jones’ notes