Museum Exhibit Project: Spanish Revolution
Yash Wani, Daniel Guo, Iliana Portugal, Calvin Ho, Krista de Guzman
Creoles (native-born elites) were offended by Spanish monarchy's
efforts in exercising power over its colonies. They wanted to believe
in popular sovereignty, republican government, and personal
liberty—all ideas that stemmed from the Enlightenment.
Creoles did not so much as cause a revolution, as have one thrust upon
them by events in Europe. Napoleon had invaded Spain, taking the rule
from King Ferdinand VII.
The idea of revolution itself incited fear in the Spanish because of the bloodshed of both the Hatian and French revolutions.
When the spanish crown fell to Napolean in 1808 the spanish colonies
decided to fight for their independence. Military leaders such as
Simón Bolívar and Jose de SanMartin tried to unite the mixed people by
enforcing nationalism and calling themselves Americanos. The enemy was
those who were born in Spain. Juntas were created as a form of government to help attain their independence.
Peasant revolt in Mexico, in 1821 led by Hidalgo and Morelos, where they were two priests rebelling against high food prices and hunger for land.
The rebellion was put down by the creole elites with the support of the church who raised an army and crushed it. The alliance of Creole elites and clergy brought Mexico to a more socially controlled independence in 1821.
Tupac Amaru in Peru rebelled in the name of the last Incan emperor
After the revolution, the Venezuelans made the currency of their country the Bolivar. This occurs in the convalescence period when the country is trying to build an economic foundation - a currency being one of the starting points.
Statue of Jose de San Martin erected in Argentina, later given as a gift to the United States from Argentina was erected after the revolution as a sign of unity and nationalism.