Henry VIII

artist: Jean Clouet, source: wikipedia.org

General Backround

Ignored by Shakespeare: the life of Henry VII was explored on BBC Two's Henry VII: Winter King ( A Photo of Henry VII)

Henry the VIII was born on June 28, 1491 in Greenwich London, England.  He was the second son of Henry the VII who was the first of the Tudor dynasty. Henry the VIII's mother was Elizabeth who was the daughter of Edward IV, first king of the brief line of York. In 1509 Henry the VIII ascended the throne; great things were expected of him. He was six feet tall, strongly built, and a diligent athlete, hunter, dancer, jouster, and gambler.

What type of king was Henry the VIII?

The Family of Henry VIII c. 1545 Left to Right: 'Mother Jak', The Lady Mary, Prince Edward, Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, The Lady Elizabeth an

Henry the VIII studied war sence childhood. he was known as the "Father of the royal navy". He started military campains against France in 1515. In his later years he declared war with France and scotland. This was expensive and pointless.

Romantic Life

Catherine of Aragon first wife of Henry VIII

Shortly after taking the throne, Henry married his deceased brother's widow; Catherine of Aragon. Henry the VIII was at the age of 17 while she was 23. After not being able to bear a healthy son to be the male heir to the throne Catherine soon became too old to bear any children at all and Henry ceased to have sexual relations with her. Catherine had faded into the background of Henry's life by 1522.

A portrait of Anne Boleyn, the ill-fated second wife of Henry VIII

Henry the VII became infatuated with Anne Boleyn, the sister of one of his earlier mistresses and one of the ladies of the court. Anne was obsessed with becoming the Queen. She was later executed on charges of incest, witchcraft, adultery and conspiracy against the king.

Jane Seymour, 3rd Queen of Henry VIII

Soon after Anne, Henry’s attention turned to Anne’s attendant Jane Seymour. They soon married and she became his 3rd wife. She died of postnatal complications less than two weeks after the birth of her only child, Edward VI. She was the only wife to have a Queen's funeral.

Anne of Cleves source: Wikipedia.org

Henry the VIII was never attracted to his fourth wife; Anne of Cleves. He plainly just married her to increases his chances in receiving a son. The couple was divorced a year later.

Kathryn howard source: moozworld26.wordpress.com

Kathryn Howard, Henry's fifth wife brought fun into his life but due to her numerous love affairs she broke his heart and was executed.

Katherine Parr source: tudorqueen6.wordpress.com

Henry married his sixth wife, Katherine Parr, for companionship in his declining years. Henry the VIII ended up dying on her.

Henry the VIII's relationship with Sir Thomas More

St. Thomas More

Sir Thomas More was King Henry's political adviser and was dearly trusted due to their same political views. He helped Henry turn the catholic community into a protestant one.

Henry the VIII's hobbies and favorite past times.

Henry the VIII hunting with a bow with Elizabeth

Henry the VIII had a love for gambling and certain sports, especially hunting. His daughter Elizabeth enjoyed pastimes which we would find strangely unusual today such as bear-baiting and bear-gardens ( a place where bears were exhibited and where bear-baiting took place). However, not everyone was allowed to participate in sport.

Henry the VIII's Creation of the church of England and its effects on the Roman catholic Church

Minster cathedral - the largest in northern england and co-opted by Henry VIII

The reason of the church reformation happened because Henry the VIII insisted on being divorced when the church wouldn't allow it. By the act of parliament in 1534, Henry was made supreme head of church. This took away the popes power.

Children

Jane Seymour (left) became Henry's third wife, pictured right with Henry and the young Prince Edward,

Henry had three children Mary I, Elizabeth 1, and Edward VI.  Each was in competition with the other for the thrown. Mary I was referred to as "Bloody Mary" and tried to return England to Catholic faith. Elizabeth was known as the "Virgin Queen" because she never married, she was imprisoned by her sister Mary in the Tower of London. Edward VI  became king at the age of 9 and during his reign he signed an act to enforce the belief of Protestant religion.

Death

It was on this day in 1547, at Whitehall Palace in England, that Henry VIII Died.

King Henry VIII died on the 28th of January in 1547. Henry VIII was buried in St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle, next to his third wife Jane Seymour, the mother of his son and heir Edward VI. The cause of Henry the VIII's death is unknown.

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