Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS)
Where it Originated
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus or MERS is an illness or specifically a type of coronavirus. It originated in Saudi Arabia in 2012 so that's why it has Middle East in the name. Though in later investigation it has shown to have it's first cases in Jordan.
About the Country
Saudi Arabia is a Middle Eastern country. Saudi Arabia has a harsh dry desert climate with very high temperatures. The land there is mostly uninhabited and they have problem with getting to bodies of water even ground water is scarce. It's known as a rich third world country. They have decent healthcare.
How it Spreads
The disease spreads from one ill patient to another by contact. There is no evidence of a sustained spreading through the community. There have also been signs of camels having the disease. It's possible that a person may become infected by having close contact with the infected animal. There could be more animal links to the virus, but much information is unknown.
Most patients develop severe acute respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About 3-4 out of 10 patients die from the disease. There have been 249 confirmed deaths since July 2012 . The patients start having signs of symptoms in 5-6 days, but can range from 2-14 days.
How it Effects: Economy
This causes the government to spend money on things like medicine and treatment to help stop it. If it gets worse it could cost millions. There is also much money going into animal testing. There are so far no results.
How it Effects: Culture
Due to the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca this can increase the chances of the disease spreading. Though knowing of it many may go. This may also increase death. Those who have very weak immune systems are especially in danger.
How it Effects: Government
The government would have to take many precautions to help stop and/or prevent the virus from spreading. They have began checking healthcare officials and having surveillance. This would also lower tourism. This would mean there would be restrictions on those planning to travel there.