The American Revolution was a conflict between the thirteen colonies and Great Britain. It began in 1775. The Treaty of Paris won the colonies their independence in 1783. The way Great Britain treated the colonies verses how they thought they should be treated, started the war. Many great men and women spoke out against Great Britain, winning the colonies their independence.
The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War. This great conflict was fought between Great Britain and France. In order to end military threats, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America. The British won many great victories, but the costs were too high. They needed to end the war, not risking any more debt. They tried many times to sign a peace treaty, but it never worked. At the end of this war colonists began to want their freedom from the British.
The proclamation of 1763 was something that gave colonists much freedom. They enjoy the lack of boundary. The proclamation also helped ensure the Indians would not have their land taken. Although the colonists enjoyed the freedom, they were upset at the fact that some of their land would be taken away. Land west of rivers that flowed into the Atlantic was off limits. If you were in these areas you would be sent somewhere else. It also established Quebec, East Florida, West Florida, and Grenada as new colonies. The proclamation was a big part of history and what makes the U.S. what it is today.
King George iii ruled England for 59 years. He took the throne in 1760, becoming England's longest ruling king at the time. He was mental and blind for the last ten years of his life. Before that, he was a very successful ruler with many victories and some losses. One of his greatest victories was the sen years war, but he did not win the American Revolution. He died in 1820, but is still remembered today for all that he did.
The sugar act was passed by the British on April 5, 1764. It was an act that made everyone pay a 3 cent tax on sugar. This act made many colonists mad because they were not asked by the British to do this. Tax was also increased on items such as coffee, indigo, and wine. The people did not like this tax, but was forced to pay it.
The first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government was the stamp act of 1765. The act imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies and came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). It was looking to North American colonies as a revenue source. The colonists insisted that the act was unconstitutional and argued that only the representative assemblies should be a loud to tax them. They formed a mob and used violence to intimidate stamp collectors into resigning. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766. They also issued a Declaratory Act at the same time to reaffirm its authority to pass any colonial legislation it saw fit. The issues of taxation and representation caused by the Stamp Act effected relations with the colonies, 10 years later, the colonists rose in armed rebellion against the British.
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing multiple items such as snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. One of the British soldiers took a blow to the head and accidentally fired. Many colonists were killed, leading to a campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of the citizenry
Passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, the tea act, launched the last spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. The act was not supposed to raise revenue in the American colonies, and imposed no new taxes. The act was designed to prop up the East India Company which was in very bad shape financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea. This tea was to be sold at a great price and shipped directly to the colonies. The Townshend Duties were still in place; the radical leaders in America found reason to think that this act was a maneuver to buy popular support for the taxes already in force.
The Boston Tea Party was an American colonial defiance that served as a protest against taxation. The British Parliament wanted to boost the troubled East India Company, so they changed import duties with the passage of the Tea Act in 1773. While consignees in Charleston, New York, and Philadelphia did not accept tea shipments, merchants in Boston would not concede to Patriot pressure. Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded three ships on the night of December 16, 1773. They threw 342 chests of tea over board in the Boston harbor. This act of defiance caused the passage of the punitive Coercive Acts in 1774 and made the two sides closer to war.
The coercive acts were acts put in place to punish people for the Boston Tea Party and regain order in Massachusetts. The first was the Boston Port Act that closed the Boston port until the Boston Tea Party was paid for. The second act was the Massachusetts Government Act which stated that Massachusetts could not have democratic town meetings and that the governor's council had to become an appointed body. The third was the Administration of Justice Act which stated that British officials could not get prosecuted in Massachusetts. The last was the Quartering Acts which stated that citizens had to house and feed British troops.
The American Revolution was started by the battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. There had been a spark waiting to become a flame for years between the colonies and the British government. British troops marched on April 18, 1775. Three riders, one named Paul Revere rode around that night saying "The British are coming! The British are coming!" Militiamen started to attack when they first saw the redcoats, causing them to retreat.
When the second Continental Congress met they decided to make a Continental Army. George Washington became the supreme leader of it without pay. The congress let money be printed for the funds for the army. Independence was still wanted, so in July the Olive Branch petition came. They did not want war so they begged and tried to show there loyalty. The king denied the petition and said the colonies were rebellious.
Noble W. Jones, Archibald Bulloch, and John Houstoun were elected to represent Georgia. Georgia feared the Creek and Cherokee Indians that were on its frontier. John Stuart, a British agent to the Creek Nation, was particularly concerning. They ended up working things out before he became a problem.
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson in Philadelphia on July 4. The Declaration of Independence was written to the British for the colony's independence. It was signed by many people including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin. Many people wanted their independence badly. July 4 is still known as the day of independence and is one of the celebrated days in America.