What is cholesterol
HDL and LDL
What is cholesterol and what does it do?
Cholesterol Is a type of lipid that helps many parts of our bodies. It is a very important part in making up our cell membrane, Its a precursor(Helps make another substance) in all steroids and hormones, A precursor in vitamin D, and helps make connections between brain cell.
HDL and LDL
HDL and LDL are proteins that carry cholesterol
HDL(good)=helps remove cholesterol from arteries
LDL(bad)= Bring cholesterol to cells but can cause a plaque build up in the arteries.
What doctors Look at...
Doctors monitor HDL and LDL Concentration by taking blood work.
A high LDL reading can cause plaque and fat to clog arteries, causing high risk for heart disease.
High HDL means the person is of low risk to get a heart disease.
Your doctor also takes a look at lipid components along with HDL and LDL.
Cholesterol test results.
Test results are a measurement of:
- Total cholesterol
- Low density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol)
- High density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol)
- triglyceride(another type of fat in your blood)
If there is a high cholesterol level, chances are your LDL levels are high or HDL levels are low.
Hdl: greater than 40
LDL: less than 100
total: less than 200
Ratios:For example Lets say there was a total of 200 and HDL of 50. That is a 4 to 1 ratio. (4 to 1 is recommended)
Managing HDL and LDL
The best way is having a healthy diet and good exercise habits. especially watch the intake of saturated fats in your daily diet. Saturated fats play a role in clogging arteries, causing risk of heart disease and heart attacks .