What is cholesterol


What is cholesterol and what does it do?

Cholesterol Is a type of lipid that helps many parts of our bodies. It is a very important part in making up our cell membrane, Its a precursor(Helps make another substance) in all steroids and hormones, A precursor in vitamin D, and helps make connections between brain cell.


HDL and LDL are proteins that carry cholesterol

HDL(good)=helps remove cholesterol from arteries

LDL(bad)= Bring cholesterol to cells but can cause a plaque build up in the arteries.

What doctors Look at...

Doctors monitor HDL and LDL Concentration by taking blood work.

A high LDL reading can cause plaque and fat to clog arteries, causing high risk for heart disease.

High HDL means the person is of low risk to get a heart disease.

Your doctor also takes a look at lipid components along with HDL and LDL.

Cholesterol test results.

Test results are a measurement of:

  • Total cholesterol
  • Low density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol)
  • High density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol)
  • triglyceride(another type of fat in your blood)

If there is a high cholesterol level, chances are your LDL levels are high or HDL levels are low.

Normal levels:

Hdl: greater than 40

LDL: less than 100

total: less than 200

Ratios:For example Lets say there was a total of 200 and HDL of 50. That is a 4 to 1 ratio. (4 to 1 is recommended)

Managing HDL and LDL

The best way is having a healthy diet and good exercise habits. especially watch the intake of saturated fats in your daily diet. Saturated fats play a role in clogging arteries, causing risk of heart disease and heart attacks .


Comment Stream