Manufactured fibers

  • Made from coal or petroleum
  • Strong and often blended with other fibers
  • Resistant to wrinkling
  • Shrink and stretch resistant
  • Easy to care for
  • Great washability
  • Pills easily
  • Static buildup
  • Common uses:
  • –Children’s wear, shirts, suits


  • First fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals
  • Strong, durable, elastic
  • Dries quickly
  • Resists wrinkles and soil
  • Washes easily
  • Heat sensitive
  • Clings to the wearer
  • Common uses:
  • –Hosiery, swimwear, windbreakers


  • Resembles wool
  • Soft and warm
  • Bulky, yet lightweight
  • Quick drying
  • Strong
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Static buildup
  • Pills easily
  • Common uses:
    •Terrycloth •Bathrobes •Knitted garments •Outdoor furniture fabrics and awnings
  • Rayon

  • Soft, absorbent, and comfortable
  • Inexpensive
  • Stretches and is weak when wet
  • Mildews and wrinkles easily
  • Common uses:


    –Sports shirts



  • Very versatile
  • Inexpensive and easy to dye
  • Silky, luxurious
  • Deep luster, soft
  • Wrinkles easily
  • Special care needed in cleaning
  • Common uses:
  • –Neckties





  • Known for its ability to stretch
  • Resistant to lotions, oils, sun, and perspiration
  • Easily damaged by chlorine bleach
  • Soft, lightweight
  • Durable
  • Nonabsorbent
  • Common uses:
  • –Swimwear


    –Exercise wear


    There are 2 different types of weaving, here are some examples

  • Plain weave: The simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.
  • –A basket weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass.

    –Examples: Chiffon, seersucker, taffeta


    You Knit by Constructing fabric by looping yarns together.

  • Weft knits: Knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops.
  • –Cut edges will curl.

    –Weft knits run if snagged.

    –Examples: jersey, ribbed knits, sweater knits

  • Warp knits: Knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.
  • –Do not ravel

    –Have selvage edges

    –Examples: tricot, raschel knits

  • Gauge: The number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric.
  • Nonwoven.
  • Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure. Examples: quilt batting, garment interfacings, felt, artificial suede
  • Laces and nets.

    Made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns.

    Laces has pretty neat different designs in them.

  • Braided fabrics.
  • Created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord. Examples: decorative trims, shoelaces
  • Bonded fabric.
  • Made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Examples: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in skiwear or winter coats
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