Wanted Francisella Tularensis

By: Marisa Mahalik

What is Francisella Tularensis?

Francisella Tularensis is a bacterial disease that causes Tularemia or rabbit fever. It can affect both humans and animals. Most cases occur during the summer months when ticks and deerflies are commen and during rabbit hunting season.

What is the transmission path of Francisella Tulerensis?

The most common way to get Francisella Tularensis is to be bitten by an infected deerfly or tick. Another way is to get blood or tissue from an infected animal in your eyes, mouth, or cuts and scratches on the skin. You can also get the bacterial infection from eating or handling rabbit meat that is not cook well.

Who does Francisella Tularensis victimizes?

Francisella Tularensis affects the whole body, it attacks humans. It infects humans through skin, mucous membranes, lungs, and the gastrointestinal tract. These are some of the major target organs that are affected by Francisella Tulerensis lymph nodes, lungs, liver, and kidneys.

Where is Francisella Tularensis found?

Francisella Tularensis is found throughout the United States, but it is more likely to be found in one of the more central states like Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois, Oklahoma, Tennesee.

What are symptoms of Francisella Tularensis?

Once you get the bacteria inside of you, there is a 3 to 5 day incubation period. After the symptoms start to occur, they may continue for several weeks. Some symptoms are Eye irritation, Fever, Headache, Joint stiffness, Muscle pains, Red spot on the skin, growing to become a sore (also known as an ulcer),Shortness of breath, Sweating, and Weight loss.

What is the degree of damage for Francisella Tularensis?

The degree of damage for Francisella Tularensis is fatal in about 5% of untreated cases, and in less than 1% of treated cases. These are some of the complications of Francisella Tularensis Bone infection, Infection of the sac around the heart, Meningitis, and Pneumonia.

What are treatments of Francisella Tularensis?

Treatments for Francisella Tularensis are antibiotics such as streptomycin and gentamicin. They are given by injection into a muscle or vein area. After recovering from this illness most people are immune to tularemia, but some people may experience a recurrence or reinfection.

Interesting facts!

1. There is a chance someone might use the bacteria as a bioterrorism threat.

2. There are about 200 cases of tularemia reported each year in the United States.

3. It is considered to be one of the most infectious bacterial disease known.

4. It doesn't spread from people to people.

5.Laboratory-acquired infections have also been documented.


"Tularaemia." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.Website

"Tularemia Fact Sheet." Tularemia Fact Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.Website

"Tularemia." In-Depth. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.Website

"Tularemia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.

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