Brazilian Politics

Key words will be bolded

Brazil was a monarchy for almost 70 years, from 1822 to 1889.  Brazil became a Federal Republic on November 15th, 1889.

   Leaders

Brazil has 32 registered political parties in their country.

Brazil's current president is a woman named Dilma Rousseff, She is the first woman to hold the office and is a member of The Workers Party.  She is Brazil's 36th president.  She was elected in 2010, and took office in 2011.

Rousseff got involved in socialist politics at a young age, Fighting the underground battle against the ruling military dictatorship landed her in prison in 1970, and she spent nearly three years and was tortured with electric shocks.

    GOVERNMENT

Just like the United States, Brazil has an Executive branch, Legislative Branch, and Judicial Branch. Within their Legislative Branch Brazil has The Federal State, and The Chamber of Deputies.

Also like the United States, the president of Brazil has 4 year terms. They are allowed to run for re-election once. The current length of the presidential term was adopted in 1994 by means of a constitutional amendment.

   Laws

Brazil recently passed an 'Internet Constitution'. Its the first bill of its kind, and the world hasn't really seen anything like it before.  The feedback on the bill is mixed, some are for it and others aren't as enthusiastic.

The bill promotes freedom of information, making service providers not liable for content published by their users, but instead forcing the companies to obey court orders to remove any offensive material.

Brazil's legal system  is not effective for the most part. It is slow, overloaded with cases and the jails are full of criminals waiting to go on trial. Most citizens believe that there is room for improvement.

Interesting laws in Brazil :

  • It is against the law to wear masks at parties, except during Carnival celebrations or by obtaining a license.
  • The penalty for poaching is higher on Sundays and holidays
  • If a driver in an accident dies the police are still required to do a breathalyzer test to legally be able to determine who was at fault for the accident

Like many other countries around it Brazil has Compulsory voting.  This means that Individuals aged 18 and up must vote or risk fines and difficulty in acquiring documents like passports. (red countries require the law and enforce it.)

Bibliography

Brazilfacts.com

Wikipedia.com

Geography.about.com

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