Injuries In Football
Created By Kyle Smith
Biological- This is things like overtraining and prior injury. This could be a high risk in a high level of football that are likely to be fighting for a cup or promotion and might over train the players to much. To minimise this risk ask the players how they are feeling in the sessions and decide whether they are fit enough to play.
Physical- This is things such as weather and equipment. In football the equipment might be faulty or the surface might be uneven. If the weather is bad it can make the surface slippery. To minimise these risks check the equipment before use, if the weather isn't great have a back-up plan to use a local indoor pitch and if the pitch is uneven don't risk using it, it could cause serious injury.
Psychological- This is things like mood state, risk taking and goal orientation. In football if a player isn't happy they won't take the session seriously and could cause injury from not doing the activity correctly. To minimise this risk keep the players happy and if it's something that has happened outside of the session try talking to them about the problem and help them out.
Sociocultural- This is things like your coaching quality. In all sports it's ideal for the players to know the rules before playing, but in football it is very important because if a player doesn't know that football is a non-contact sport they might go to tackle another player and hurt them and maybe their self. To minimise this risk tell the players the rules and even demonstrate how to tackle, pass and shoot.
Four Common Injuries
1) Hamstring strain- Signs of a hamstring strain are popping or cracking at the time of injury, pain, swelling and bruising of the hamstring and walking is affected, and flexing the knee causes pain. A physio would run onto the pitch and apply first aid to the injured thigh. If the injured thigh is bad for the player not being able to carry on playing, the player will be taken off the pitch in a stretcher. The rehabilitation of a hamstring strain will depend on how serve the injury is. A grade 1 strain may take a few days to heal whereas it could take weeks or months to recover from a grade 3 strain.
2)Knee injury- Signs of a knee injury are popping or snapping sound in the knee at time of injury , pain, swelling, inability to completely straihten knee and inability to place weight on the knee. A physio would run onto the pitch and apply first aid to the injured knee. Again if the knee is a bad injury the player will be taken off the pitch in a stretcher. Would be taken to hospital and seen by a doctor. Rehabilitation of a knee injury can be 2 weeks to 6 weeks depending how bad injury is. The player should rest but try and do little exercises to strengthen the knee.
3)Sprained Ankle- Signs of a sprained ankle are swelling, pain when trying to move the ankle or when walking and stiffness and inability to place full weight on the foot. A physio would run onto the pitch and apply first aid to the injured ankle. If the injury is bad the player will be taken off the pitch in a stretcher. Rehabilitation for a sprained ankle can be 2 days to 2 weeks depending on how bad the injury is. During this time the player will rest.
4)Head injury-Sign of a head injury is a concussion. Headache, dizziness, nausea and unsteadiness/loss of balance. A physio would run onto the pitch and apply first aid to the injured part. Most concussion will heal on their own over several days, during this time rest is required including activities in which you need to concentrate. If the injury is bad the player would be taken to the hospital for an x-ray by a doctor to check whether they have damaged anything worse. This will take about a week or two to recover and play again.