Brianna Mosley
Big History Capstone Project

Lesson 1.0 Big History 2-11-15

Big History is about  stories on how earth came to be and how we are here and how we got here. Big History helps us learn the whole history of the Universe. We found out questions let how we fit into the world today. Why are humans so powerful? What do it mean to be human?

1. Provide a short explanation of the problem.  My problem is air pollution. I pick this because this is one of the bigest earth problems we have.

2. Explain how you think this problem will affect the world in 100 years. If we don't stop  air pollution there will be no world 100 years from now

3. Propose a solution to this problem. We can start riding bikes or walking to where we need to be instad of taking a car.


On my test I  got  2 right out of 5 right

Lesson 1.1 Scale 2-17-15

While watching the power of 10 I learned that the power of 10 is just watch and or looking at thing up very close or watching and or looking at something very far. I think people would want to look at something up close because they can get a good look at something and or see what that thing is made of. I also thing people would want to look at thing far away to see the thing around it like the earth they zoom out and see the stars and sun and thing like that. I think it's very important to zoom in on things and out of things. With power of 10 you can do things like found out the measurements of the solar system.

Why do you think anyone would want to look at the Universe from such distance? To see whats up there.

What would that be good for? To see if there is life up there.

Why would anyone want to look at anything so close?  To see what something is made up of.

What would that be good for? Telling us what things are made up of.

On my test I 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 1.2 Origin Stories 3-5-15

In 1.2 I'm learned about Bang! Book 1 tells one version of the modern, scientific origin story in a light and fun way. An origin story is a story about the way the Universe began and how humans came to be. In Christian it says that this biblical story comes from Genesis, the first book in the Old Testament.

On the test I got a 4 out of 5 right

Lesson 1.3 What Are Disciplines? 3-5-15

In 1.3 I read about Mt. Vesuvius in 79 CE. Vesuvius is known for this eruption, which led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities Pompeii and Herculaneum.

1. What are the questions a historian would ask about what happened?

How and where did people migrate after this event?

2. What kind of questions would a biologist (or another discipline of your choosing) ask about what happened?

What happened?, What forces were involved?

On Easter Island they discovered over 800 giant statues and almost no people. This was strange, since the small number of people on the island couldn’t possibly have built these statues—it would have taken a much larger civilization

On the test I got a 4 out of 5 right

Lesson 1.4 My Big History 3-5-15


2000- I was born

2005- I stated school

2010- I have my first real birthday party

2013- I became a teenager

2014- I stared 9th grade

One of the central themes of this course is the idea of increasing complexity. In the 13.8 billion years since our Universe appeared, more and more complex things seem to have appeared — and we’re among the most complex of them all. So it’s natural for complex things to fascinate us. Besides, modern human society is so complex that learning how the Universe creates complexity can also teach us something about today’s world. But we shouldn’t assume there’s anything special about complexity or that complex things are necessarily any better than simple things. Remember that complexity can present challenges.

On the test I got 2 out of 5 right

Lesson 2.0 How did our understanding of the Univeres change? 3-5-15

2.0 How did our understanding of the Universe change? told me that the Earth was the center of the Universe according to Claudius Ptolemy, whose view of the cosmos persisted for 1400 years until it was overturned with controversy  by findings from Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton.This idea of the Universe did not fit exactly with all of Ptolemy’s observations. He was aware that the size, motion, and brightness of the planets varied. So he incorporated Hipparchus’s notion of epicycles, put forth a few centuries earlier, to work out his calculations. Epicycles were small circular orbits around imaginary centers on which the planets were said to move while making a revolution around the Earth.


On the test I got 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 2.1 The Big Bang 3-5-15

2.1 told me that out of the Big Bang came everything in the Universe. All of the matter that formed Earth, all of the materials that formed the stars and galaxies that light up the night sky, all of the building blocks for everything in the Universe were once contained in a tiny singularity. Even space and time as we know them emerged from the Big Bang. That’s why the Big Bang is considered the first “new complexity” in the Universe and the first major threshold of increasing complexity in this course. Scientists, and all of us, are continuing to learn more about the Big Bang and how our Universe was formed.On the test I got 4 out of 5

Lesson 2.2 Claim Testing 3-6-15

In 2.2 it asked do you know what a claim is? People make claims all the time. Teachers make claims when you tell each other stories you make claims television commercials make claims about products doctors make claims about medicine the list goes on and on. Much of what people share and advertise are claims however  we often don’t explain or justify our claims.On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 3.0 How Were Stars Formed?    3-6-15

In the lesson how were stars formed i read about this image from the Hubble Deep Field  represents a narrow keyhole view stretching almost to the visible horizon of the Universe. This H.D.F image covers a speck of the sky only about the width of a dime 75 feet away. Although the "field" is a very small fraction of space, it is considered representative of the typical distribution of galaxies in the Universe. The ejection of gas from this dying Sun-sized star in the constellation Norma, called the Ant Nebula or mz3, shows symmetrical patterns that scientists would not expect from an ordinary explosion.On my test i got a 5 out of 5 right

Lesson 3.1 Creation of Complex Elements 3-6-15

3.1 was about Silver helped advance global civilization by connecting East and West through trade. Silver was scarce in China but nonetheless much valued as currency. So, during the Middle Ages, Europeans used silver to buy Chinese goods gunpowder, tea, ceramics, and silk which were then carried over the fabled Silk Road. Later, when the Spanish discovered silver mines in Mexico and Peru, they established a sailing route across the Pacific, trading South American silver, some of it plundered, for Chinese silk.Project On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 3.2 Ways of knowing Stars and Elements 3-6-15

In lesson 3.2 ways of knowing stars and Elements  Mendeleev was born in 1834 in the far west of Russia’s Siberia, the youngest of a dozen or more children His family faced one crisis after another. When Dmitri was little, his father, a teacher, went blind, and his mother went to work. She became the manager of a successful glass factory. Tragedy struck again in 1848, when the factory burned down, and the family faced poverty. Mendeleev’s mother was determined to get him an education, and traveled with him a great distance.On my test i got 3mout of 5 right

Lesson 4.0 Earth & the Formation of Our Solar System 3-7-15

4.0 told me that between the inner and outer planets lies an area filled with millions of asteroids  small rocky icy and metallic bodies left over from the formation of the Solar System. No planet formed in this area. Astronomers theorize that Jupiter’s gravity influenced this region so much that no large planet could take shape. Jupiter is 11 times the size of Earth and more than twice as big as all the other planets combined. It is almost large enough to have become a star they were made of more gas  than the others to begin with, the Sun’s gravity having pulled closer the heavier materials in the original solar disk.On the test i got 2 out of 5 right

Lesson 4.1 What Was Young Earth Like?

In lesson 4.1 I learned that The Earth's crust holds an abundance of elements, of which oxygen and silicon are greatest in concentration at 46% and 27% respectively, and a wide variety of other elements. Download a PDF of Chemical Abundances: Earth’s Crust infographic The Sun is composed primarily of hydrogen and helium, with a smattering of other elements that account for less than 2% of its mass. Download a PDF of Chemical Abundances: The Sun infographic.

On the test i got 3 out of 5 rig

Lesson 4.2  Why is plate Tectonics Important 4-8-15

In lesson 4.2  i learned that about 99 percent of the matter in any star forming gas cloud ends up in a star and only about 1 percent is left over for planet formation. Differentiation is the process by which gravity in the disk spinning around a developing star clumps matter together into planets, asteroids, and other objects.Each continent has its own tectonic plate.Historians and geologists measure time in very different ways. Did u know the wind blew so hard it made us stagger and the gale’s force bowed the rope that linked the two of us and the guide ahead like a giant strand of spaghetti. A reddish ridge of earth protruded from the glacier and puffs of steam swirled and kicked from its far side. We were now nearing the place where fire mingled with ice.


On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 4.3 Ways of Knowing Our Solar System and Earth

In lesson 4.3 I learned that By this research into the state of the Earth and its inhabitants at former periods, we acquire a more perfect knowledge of its present condition. Our views concerning the laws governing its animate and inanimate productions become more comprehensive. When we study history, we obtain a more profound insight into human nature. We can draw comparisons between the present and former states of society. We trace the long series of events which have gradually led to the current state of affairs.

on the test i 4 out of 5

Lesson 5.0 What is life?

In this lesson i learn How did primates take the first step toward being human look at the natural world.

In this image, a monarch butterfly in its caterpillar stage eats a milkweed leaf. The leaf processes energy from the sun and grows in a certain size and shape that distinguishes it as milkweed. The caterpillar, Danae Plexiglas, consumes the plant material milkweed is its favorite, digesting it and turning it into the energy that will eventually fuel its transformation first into a chrysalis and then into a gold and black butterfly


On the test i got 3 out of 5

Lesson 5.1 How Did Life Begin and Change?

On lesson 5.1 I learn that cyanobacteria are also known as blue-green algae and their name comes from the Greek word kyanos for blue. This phylum of microorganisms often form large colonies and their highly visible blooms like this one in the Pacific Ocean near can be seen and photographed from far above the Earth's surface. Cyanobacteria have been a predominant life form on Earth for at least 2.8 billion years and their oxygen-producing photosynthesis increased oxygen levels in the atmosphere encouraging further biodiversity.

on the test i got a 4 out of 5

Lesson 5.2 How Do Earth and Life Interact?

In lesson 5.2 i learned that sometimes the history of a word can tell us a lot about what the word means. The study of words even has its own name etymology. Often, a closer look at a word unfolds into another story, one that may connect to other people and other scientific studies

On the test i got a 3 out of 5 right

Lesson 5.3 Ways of Knowing-Life

In lesson 5.3 I learned that what did Darwin think about God? After returning (in 1836) from his sea voyage, he spent the next 20 years or so brooding about the theological implications of his discoveries. He had once taken for granted, as almost everyone else did at the time, that all living species came into being by God’s special creation in the beginning. However, reflecting on what he had observed during his sea voyage, Darwin began to wonder how his Christian faith could be true. His doubts continued to grow, probably reinforced by the anguish he experienced at the deaths of his father and 10-year-old daughter, Annie. In his autobiography Darwin writes “Disbelief crept over me at a very slow rate, but was at last complete. The rate was so slow that I felt no distress, and have never since doubted for a single second that my conclusion was correct.”

On the test i got 5 out of 5

lesson 6.0 How Our Ancestors Evolved

In 6.0 i learned that the evolutionary path that led to modern humans goes back millions of years and merges with the path that also produced all of the primates, including chimpanzees one of our closest relatives. And  similar DNA isn't the only thing we have in common with our chimpanzee relatives. Climatologists like Jane Goodall and Dian Fosse demonstrated that primates share many other characteristics with humans. Chimpanzees have been observed using simple tools and aspects of their behavior and social interaction mirror that of humans.

On the test i got 4 out of 5

Lesson 6.2 Ways of Knowing Early Humans

In lesson 6.1 i found out that Blossoms Cave is an archaeological site on the southern coast of South Africa, not far from Cape Town. In 1991, archaeologists began to excavate a wealth of artifacts that gave them new information about the early humans who had lived in the cave off and on starting about 100,000 years ago. Scientists have used the tools, fossils, paintings, and other clues found at Blossoms to learn a great deal about the lives of early humans.


On the test i got a 5 out of 5

Lesson 6.2 Collective Learning

In lesson 6.2 I learned that the lioness is still like a stand-alone computer — she has only as much memory as she can accumulate in her lifetime. Humans are more like networked computers, with a (more or less) infinite capacity for memory to expand. Because of how we can communicate and share knowledge, we can tap into a vast information network assembled by millions of humans, living and dead. No one person knows it all. Human knowledge is distributed among individuals, shared when necessary, and passed on and added to by each generation.

On the test i got a 4 out of 5

Lesson 6.3 How Did the First Humans Live?

In lesson 6.3 I learned that  human beings have proven themselves very capable of adapting to their environments. The ability to make and use tools, our control of fire and our knack for finding shelter from the elements all contribute to our collective knowledge. Sites like Blombos Cave, shown here, have given scientists evidence about how early humans lived and what they were capable of.

on the test i got 2 out of 5

Lesson 7.0 The Rise of Agriculture

In learn 7.0 I learned the Bering Land Bridge once connected the eastern-most edge of Siberia with what is now the western coast of the Seward Peninsula in Alaska. Until about 11,000 years ago, the bridge was a treeless tundra with shrubs and shallow ponds that served as a corridor between Asia and the Americas, a route used by wildlife and by early humans. Today, the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve in Alaska (shown here looking west) is an impassable wetlands that ends at the 58 mile wide Bering Strait.

on the test i got 2 out of 5

7.1 The First Cities and States Appear

In Lesson 7.1 I learned that the first human civilizations emerged in the Fertile Crescent. More than 5,000 years ago. Due at least in part to the same environmental reasons of geography and climate that affected the rise of agriculture, civilizations emerged much later in the Americas then in Eurasia. The north-south orientation of the Americas slowed down the exchange of information, with the Andes Mountains in South America acting as a natural barrier between different communities.

On the test i got 4 out of 5 right with a hint

7.2Ways of Knowing: Agriculture and Civilization

In this lesson I found out that all living things carry 'Memories' of the past. Animals need to be able to keep track of the seasons so they know when to hibernate, when to hunt, and when to have children. Many rodents and birds store nuts and other food in hiding places, and they need to remember where they stashed them so they can find them months later. Wolves leave their marks on the perimeters of their turf, creating.

On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

8.0 Expansion 4-27-15

In the lesson 'Expansion'8.0 I learned what world zones was in i find out that world zone is  four world zones.Which helps him analyze and explain human history. Many other historians have recognized the two largest world zones Afro Eurasia, which they often call the 'Old World,' and the Americas, which they call the 'New World'. But Christian was living in Australia, and preferred looking at the whole world.

On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

8.1 Exploration & Interconnection

In this I learned that by the early 1300s  Afro Eurasia Northern Africa, Europe, and Asia had become a world zone in motion. This long-distance travel became easier in the late 1200s and early 1300s largely for three reasons. First nomads of Central Asia the Mongols and their Turkish speaking allies conquered Russia, China, and most of the Middle East, creating the largest territorial empire the world had ever seen.

On the test i got 3 out of 5 right

8.2 Commerce & Collective Learning

Lesson 8.2 I found out that the original guilder was a silver coin featuring the Greek god Athena, a good example of the lasting effect that Greco Roman culture had on the newer nations of Europe. The first paper guilders were issued in 1814 and became an important global currency as Dutch traders and colonists sailed around the world. The notes shown here were designed in the 1980s and demonstrate the variety and graphic complexity that modern nations used to help express their identity and to protect their currency from counterfeiting

8.3  Commerce & Collective Learning 5-25-15

In lesson 8.3 i learn that from 1722 to 1723, three French forts located on the Great Lakes supplied the list of goods below to the indigenous people in the region, mainly the Huron and Iroquois nations, in exchange for about 8,000 beaver pelts:•1,605 sewing needles•632 catfish hooks•273 men’s woolen shirts•336 women’s woolen shirts•214 children’s woolen shirts•217 butcher knives•2,109 other knives

9.0 Transition, Thresholds, and Turning Points in Human History   5-29-15

I learned that threshold eight started about 200 years ago, and we live in it. It's called the Modern Revolution.We got so powerful because we became a global species. After 1500 human began to link up. Human learned to reuse energy from the sun and save it. Many human live better then they ever did before. We are powerful but not in charge of our power.

9.1 Acceleration 6-5-15

Acceleration is about  the Industrial Revolution. Takes about how things like driving a car, blueberry, live not on a farm, 12 years of school, bed, house, clock ect..For 15 thousand years most human never owned or used a single thing made out side of there communities, Did you no that Simon Bolivar did not change that. The Industrial Revolution was an increase in production brought about by the use of machines and characterized by the new use of new energy source.

Lesson 9.3 The Anthropocene

Anthropocene is a unofficial geologic era. Me my mother and father  grandfather and grandmother has lived in one of the interesting times ever. Since 1800 we had a Cambrian explosion in discovery. We found things from the biggest black hole to the mammoth's blood and we even have electric cars that go more than 125 miles per hour.we grown to 17 billion people and your phone has more computer power than NASA did when they sent men to the moon in 1969.

Lesson 9.3 Changing Economies 5-6-15

Changing Economies was mostly about  by the year 1500 man kind was breaking ocean barrier. the new liquid high way amplify the very thing that man special. News information inventions could only spread as fast as a horse can run or a ship can sail. To circle the globe takes over a year. Big History shows the history of the world.