Manifest Destiny

A presentation explaining the highlights and interesting points of the exploration of the West.

By: Emma Jane Friend, American History 6th period

Top Ten List

1) George Washington

George Washington became the United States' first president in 1789. In 1794 Washington led his troops the crush the rebels in the Whisky rebellion.

2)The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial revolution was brought on by the growth of factories in New England, and the invention of interchangeable parts in the cotton gin. The industrial revolution changed peoples' lives.

3) The Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana purchase involved land bought from the French in 1803. The French had received the land from Spain. The United states bought the land for $15 million.

4)The Mexican American War

Beginning in 1830, the Mexicans were ruled by a dictator named General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. He defeated the Texans in the battle of the Alamo, but this helped spur on the beginning of the Mexican American War. The war was won by the U.S. in 1874.  

5)The War of 1812

War was declared by the United states against the British in 1812. The U.S. wanted to go to war after the British attacked a ship called the USS Chesapeake killing three crew members in 1807.  

6)Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny was a belief that most Americans shared. They wanted America to stretch from sea to shining sea.

7) The Indian Removal Act

The Indian removal act was passed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. It stated the Indians would be moved to specified Indian territories in the frontier. The Native Americans followed the trail of tears to get to their new lands.

8)Lewis and Clark

Lewis and Clark went on an expedition in 1804 to explore the new territory the U.S. had gained. The land was from the Louisiana Purchase.

9)Sectionalism

Americans strongly identified with their region. They would call themselves Northerners, Westerners, and Southerners.It caused tension and problems in politics.   

10)The XYZ Affair

The XYZ affair happened in 1797. When three French men asked for bribes before negotiations, it upset John Adams and he called the incident the XYZ affair.

George Washington

Timeline

1)1789- George Washington is elected the first President of the United states.

2)1798- The Alien Sedition acts. The acts were made so that aliens, or foreigners could be put in jail or deported with no reason.

3)1803- The United States bought the Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803

4) 1812- The War of 1812

5)1820- The Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise was made because Missouri wanted to be a state, but wanted slaves. The south was worried because the balance in congress between slave states and free states would be uneven. As a result, Missouri was made a slave state and Maine was made a free state.

6)1830-Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal act was made to forcibly remove Indians from their homes and put them in specified territories.   

7)1835- battle of the Alamo

8)1838- Cherokee Indians travel on the trail of tears.

9)1836-Texans defeat Santa Anna. Santa Anna had become a self proclaimed dictator of Mexico.

10)1848- Gold was discovered in California. This started the gold rush.

49ers mining in California

Who Was Tecumseh?

Tecumseh was an Indian from the Shoshone tribe. He grew up in a small village in Ohio. His Dad was killed when Tecumseh was a little kid, and his mom left when the Shoshone split up. After his mom left he was raised by his older sister. Tecumseh became a well known warrior for his tribe fighting white men. He was made chief of the Shoshone tribe.

Tecumseh had a brother named Tenskwatawa. Tenskwatawa had visions and was religious. He became known as the prophet. The two brothers started a town called prophetstown. They wanted their fellow Indians to stop giving their land to the United States and its citizens.

Tecumseh was a good speaker and encouraged other Indians to support the new confederacy he was making. In 1810 he met with the governor of the territory, William Henry Harrison. Tecumseh brought some of his warriors with him. He demanded that the land that was taken by the government be given back to the Indians. The meeting almost ended with violence from both sides. Harrison told Tecumseh that the land was property of the United States, and Tecumseh left with practically nothing accomplished.

Tecumseh continued to gather allies, which worried Harrison. Harrison fought Tecumseh and his warriors at the battle of Tippecanoe. The battle happened on November 7th, 1811.  Harrison defeated Tecumseh and burned the city of Prophetstown. Afterward Tecumseh allied himself with the British. One day in 1813, Tecumseh and his warriors were covering the British while they retreated into Canada. They were attacked by Harrison's army and Tecumseh was killed in the battle of Thames.

A painting of Tecumseh

WHY MOVE THE CHEROKEE?

An editorial by Emma Jane

Why move the Cherokee Indians? I do not think that the Cherokee should be moved. My ancestors are Cherokee and lived in North Georgia. The Cherokee have lived on their land for hundreds of years. They have developed a government, a language, a newspaper much like this one, and a civilization. Our government says that the Cherokee are uncivilized, barbaric, and a danger to the citizens of the United States. I do not see how any of these claims are true. The Cherokee have their own civilization and we are not in any danger living near them as long as we do not provoke them or try to take their land. We could live in harmony with the Cherokee easily and we could be friends with them.

The Cherokee have lives, homes, jobs, and families just like us. Moving them and taking their land would be terrible and by doing so I would consider ourselves barbaric. Imagine a government coming to you and your family telling you that your family will have to leave and go live in another place in the other half of the country. None of us would want to leave our homes. I do not think that we should make the Cherokee leave to go to Oklahoma. They have developed lives here in Georgia and are good citizens of this great state.

I do not think that the Indian Removal act passed in 1830 was fair or just. If we would not want to leave our homes why should we make them leave theirs. Especially if we want to steal their land.

Meriwether Lewis

Meriwether Lewis died yesterday on October 11, 1809. He died at the age of 35. He was born August 18, 1774. The cause of his death is unknown, though some think he committed suicide or was murdered. He died early in the morning after staying at Grinder's Tavern along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee. His mother Lucy Meriweather and Lewis's half-brother and sister, John Hastings Marks and Mary Garland Marks were upset at his loss. His father William Lewis had died when he was still young.

In the years prior to his death, Meriwether Lewis and his friend William Clark had completed their journey to explore and map out the new land from the Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Northwest. Both Lewis and Clark became famous and known throughout the United States. President Thomas Jefferson made Lewis governor of the Louisiana Territory.  

Recipe for "Boy in Bag"

Boy in Bag

2 cups raisins
1 cup chopped walnuts (black walnuts are fine)
1 cup dark brown sugar, firmly packed
1 cup chopped suet
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon allspice
1 teaspoon salt
2 cups flour
1 ½ cups milk
1 cup chopped dried fruit of any kind.

Chop suet into small pieces no pieces being larger than a bean.
Combine with raisins, nuts, brown sugar, and chopped dried fruit.

Then mix flour, spices, and salt with baking powder.
Add gradually to fruit mixture with milk, beating well.

Put in flour sack or tie in large square of cloth. Put in kettle of boiling water and boil 3 hours, always keeping enough boiling water, and put on cloth to drain.

After about ½ hour, untie cloth and turn pudding onto dish. Let chill.

Slice and serve with hard sauce.
This pudding will keep well and is similar to plum pudding.

This can be made in camp with molasses instead of brown sugar. Or can be made with white sugar instead of either brown sugar or molasses.
This was a great favorite with chuck wagon cooks.

recipe from: http://www.chronicleoftheoldwest.com/chuckwagon.sh...

By the numbers!

3 french members of delegation

2 wars

5 territories

15 million for the Louisiana Territory  

2 explorers- Lewis and Clark

3 dead on USS Chesapeake

24 states

2 famous trails

12 days of fighting at the Alamo

1 Mexican Dictator

The USS Chesapeake being attacked by the British.  

The Alamo

A map of the Alamo

This is a map of the Alamo. The Alamo was originally a mission building used by missionaries. The battle of the Alamo took place here and it had been long deserted by the time of the battle. The fighting was between the Mexican military and some Americans and Texans. The Mexican military at that time was controlled by a dictator named Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. He was originally a general.

The Americans and Texans only had around 180 soldiers, while Santa Anna had thousands. The fighting was fierce and lasted 12 days. The Mexicans eventually overpowered the Texans and Americans and took over the Alamo. While this happened, political leaders made a constitution. They declared Texas free from Mexico.

In April 1836, Texas forces defeated Santa Anna. He was not expecting the attack. As they attacked, they shouted "Remember the Alamo!" to encourage them to fight for their fallen friends. Santa Anna signed a treaty in May that  recognized the independence of Texas.

A painting of the Alamo

works cited

http://www.ducksters.com/history/native_americans/...

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/meriwet...

http://www.chronicleoftheoldwest.com/chuckwagon.sh...

Chapter 8, the Federalist era by: Mr. Jones

chapter 9, the Jefferson era by: Mr.Jones

chapter 10, growth and expansion by: Mr. Jones

chapter 11, the Jackson era by:Mr. Jones

chapter 12, manifest destiny by: Mr. Jones