Mexican immigration started in the early first century by labor demands in the United States and political unrest in Mexico.Immigration is coming to live in a foreign country.Since 1980,Mexicans have been the largest immigration group in the U.S. As of 2013, approximately 11.6 million Mexican immigrants resided in the U.S up from 2.2 million in 1980,and Mexicans accounted for 28% of the country's 41.3 million foreign borners.
The main periods of immigrtaion
Immigration from Mexico has gone through four main periods.The first wave,occurring prior to World War 2,consisted of agricultural workers recruited by private labor contractors with the number of Mexican immigrants rising from 105,200 in 1900 to 624,400 in 1930.The Bracero program,from 1942 to 1964,ushered in the second wave,also consisting mostly of agricultural guest workers.The third,largely unauthorized wave, began after the Bracero program was terminated and after 1965 changes to U.S immigration laws ended national origin quotas and immigrants in this third wave were male,seasonal farm laborers who regularly travel back and forth across the border.The passage of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) and subsequent investments in border security were a turning point,initiating the fourth wave of Mexican immigration.IRCA legalized close to three million unauthorized immigrants,including 2.3 million Mexicans,in return for tougher border patrol enforcement and penalties for American employers who hired unauthorized workers.As crossing the border became more difficult,and economic changes in the United States opened additional jobs to low skilled foreign workers,immigration has begun to settle permanently ,bringing their families to live in the U.S.Between 1900 and 2010,more than 7.5 million Mexican immigrants,many whom were unauthorized,arrived.More recently,Mexican immigration to the United States has begun to decline-marketing at least a pause,and possibly an end to the fourth wave.Declining inflows appear to reflect the impact of the Great Ressesion,improved educational and economic opportunities in Mexico,and even tougher border enforcement.
Is immigration bad?
No, immigrants aren't bad at all.They can be really helpful when it comes to jobs.They take the low skilled and low paying jobs most American citizens don't want like cleaning,farming and construction. Also,.most U.S.-born children of immigrants are more likely to go to college, less likely to live in poverty, and equally likely to be homeowners as the average American. About 36 percent of U.S.-born children of immigrants are college graduates—5 percent above the national average. Eleven percent of U.S.-born children of immigrants live in poverty—well below the national average of 13 percent. And around 64 percent of them are homeowners, just 1 percent below the national average.Immigrants are less likely to commit crimes or to be incarcerated than native-born Americans. A 2007 study by the Immigration Policy Center found that the incarceration rate for immigrant men ages 18 to 39 in 2000 was 0.7 percent, while the incarceration rate for native-born men of the same age group was 3.5 percent. While the foreign-born share of the U.S. population grew from 8 percent to 13 percent between 1990 and 2010, FBI data indicate that violent crime rates across the country fell by about 45 percent, while property crime rates fell by 42 percent.
Obama Immigration Reform 2014 speech:Announcing executive Action[FULL]Today on November 20th http://youtu.be/wejt939QXk
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