The World's Face
Statistics and Facts on HIV and AIDS
By infecting more than 75 million people and killing 36 million of them so far, we consider HIV and AIDS as one of the leading illness in today's world. However, not a lot know about this infection. Giving information to people about HIV and AIDS can only raise awareness and encourage people to protect themselves.
First of all, we are talking about an infection that attacks the cells of the immune system. It is transmitted by two types of liquid: blood and breast milk. Basically, anybody can get it by having unprotected sexual relations, by getting transfusions of contaminated blood, by sharing contaminated syringes or any other sharp instruments or the transmission can be between a mother and her baby during pregnancy, while giving birth or breastfeeding.
There have been a lot of studies on HIV and AIDS, and still, a lot of statistics are troubling.
Nowadays, more than 35.3 million people are living with this infection. Almost 3.3 million of them are under the age of 15 and around 2.1 million are between 10 and 19 years old, which mean that around 1.2 million have most probably contracted it by birth. According to amfAR (the American Foundation for AIDS Research), around 6,300 people get infected by HIV every day, which represents 262 people per hour. «Every 8 seconds, a child, a woman or a man dies from HIV or AIDS».
There is more than 1.1 million people infected in the United States and around 1 in 6 are not aware they have HIV and AIDS, which increase the risks of transmission. 25% of the new infections in United States are between the ages of 13 and 24 years old. According to the official AIDS website of the US government, the people most at risk are gay and bisexuals men of all origins or any man having sex with another man, and Afro-Americans. In fact, it affects especially the marginalised, poor and young population who don’t know about protection, since 95% of infected people live in developing countries (the largest population being in South Africa).
There are still some tips you can consider to protect yourself from this: use condoms while you have sex, get tested and treated, avoid drugs by injection, or at least always use a new and sterilized syringe, and make sure any blood or blood products you might need are tested for HIV.
U.S. Statistics, http://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/s..., 6 June 2012, 23 April 2014.
amfAR, http://www.amfar.org/about-hiv-and-aids/facts-and-..., October 2013, 23 April 2014.
Foter, http://www.foter.com, 23 April 2014.