Impact of Smoking on the US

Tobacco Basics

  • Tobacco- dried leaves processed for smoking usually found in cigarettes.
  • Nine chemicals used in a cigarette.
  • 3800 people under the age of eighteen start smoking each day.
  • Carcinogens- a cancer causing substance or agent.
  • Sixty chemicals have been found in tobacco and tobacco smoke known to cause cancer.

Effects of Smoking

  • Smoker's cough
  • Raise of blood pressure
  • Yellow teeth
  • Frequent headaches
  • Tooth decay
  • Bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Chronic airway obstruction
  • Stroke
  • Lung disease

  Effects of Smoking Continued...90% of men's lung cancer is caused by smoking whereas 80% of women's lung cancer is caused by smoking. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and cigarette smoking causes most cases.

COPD- is the occurrence of chronic bronchitis or emphysema, a pair of commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs.

Chronic bronchitis-inflammating and swelling of the lining of the airways.

Secondhand Smoke

  • Comes from both the smoke that smokers exhale (mainstream smoke) and the smoke coming from the end of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe (sidestream smoke).
  • In children 18 months or younger, secondhand smoke exposure is responsible for an estimated 150,000-300,000 new cases of bronchitis and pneumonia annually.
  • An estimated 46,000 deaths from heart disease from people who are current non smokers.
  • About 3,400 lung cancer deaths in non-smoking adults.
  • Worse asthma and asthma-related problems in up to 1 million asthmatic.

Addictive Potential

  • Nicotine is a highly addictive stimulant found in tobacco that is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream when smoked.
  • High doses of nicotine has effects on the body: nausea, vomiting, paralysis, respiratory depression, coma and severe cardiovascular impairment.
  • Nicotine withdrawal creates anxiety, irritability, headache, hunger, and a craving for cigarettes or other sources of nicotine.
  • 70% of smokers want to quit all together.

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