Genetics vocabulary

Chromosomes- its in the nucleus of each cell

Ex; for example, sperm and egg cells and red blood cells

Genes- is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.

ex; eye color from you mom or dad

Traits-is a variant of a characteristic of an organism that may be inherited

ex; your dad loves soccer and his daughter plays soccer

Dominant Genes- they are carriers with one dominant

ex: when your dad has blue eyes and you mom has brown and you have blue eyes

recessive genes -is dominant

ex:Humans have at least two types of earlobes: detached and attached

Genotype-  gene combination for a trait

ex: two organisms that have even the minutest difference in their genes are said to have different genotypes.

Phenotype- description of that trait.

ex:making a pigment in our eye