Western Cordillera

Would you like to build a fishery in the Western Cordillera region?


The Western Cordillera is an exceptional region to potentially propose a fishing industry! Prince Rupert (located on Kaien Island) could be a possible port city to build a fishing industry, as it has an abundance of fish and is located along the Pacific coastline, which allows easy access. Businesses should be opened in this area for fishing, as it provides a great opportunity for Canada's economy!


The Western Cordillera's climate is highly influenced by the Pacific Ocean. As the region lies along Canada's coastline, the North Pacific Current significantly affects the climate of this area. This results in a mild summers and warm winters for Prince Rupert. Unlike the interior of the Cordillera region, Prince Rupert tends to receive more rainfall, with moister air, and less snowfall. In some occasions, this port city receives a large amount of hail in comparison to the regions surrounding it. Prince Rupert's average temperature ranges from about 12°Cto 18°C in July and 4°C to 6°C in January.

Although, the global climate change has affected the glaciers in the Western Cordillera region. Due to the increasing of climate, it has led to the melting of glaciers. Although, it is predicted that many northwestern polar ice caps in British Columbia will survive, close to the Yukon and Alaska Borders. Prince Rupert is located in the midst of this area, meaning that it is likely for the polar ice caps to melt at a rapid pace.

Furthermore, Prince Rupert's climate is highly affected by elevation and relief precipitation. Due to the mountain belts in this area, it results in moister air, which makes Prince Rupert's climate much more mild. In addition, due to the

In spite of the global climate change, a fishery can be built in Prince Rupert as the fishes are extremely healthy. The waters of Prince Rupert are at warm temperatures, but there has not been a rapid increase on temperature to which poses a threat on the fishes. The average water temperatures do not surpass 15ºC. This is extremely suitable for the salmon fish, as many salmon begin have an increased chance of developing stress in warmer temperatures surpassing 18ºC, which leads to cardiac collapse. Moreover, Prince Rupert has a very high source of salmon, halibut, rockfish, and red snapper.

Natural Landscape

Like most cities in the Western Cordillera, Prince Rupert is composed of a series of rugged mountain belts. Although, the coastal mountains sharply rise and climb very steeply along slopes with forestry towards peaks with glaciers. Surrounding the area is the Pacific Ocean, which benefits the fishing industry since it provides easy access of resources. The area is comprised of ice fields alongside to the mountains.

Vegetation and Soil

As we look at vegetation in the Western Cordillera, it displays extreme diversity. The Western Cordillera is made up of fourteen zones, that can be grouped into seven regions.

Prince Rupert is considered the coastal western hemlock zone from the Pacific Coastal Mesothermal Forest Region. These zones lay along the coast of British Columbia, where the climate is wet and moist. They are considered the most productive regions in terms of vegetation, with an abundance of trees and plants. The temperate rainforests in the coastal western hemlock zone are composed of  Pacific silver fir, western hemlock, western red cedar, Sitka spruce, and Douglas fir. Common understory plants include Alaskan blueberry, sword fern, deer fern, red huckleberry, salmonberry, skunk cabbage, lanky moss, salal, and devil's club.

The Western Cordillera's climate has a large impact on the soil. In northern areas of the Western Cordillera, there would be permafrost, due to the very cold weather. Vegetation would be difficult to maintain if there is permafrost because the ground is frozen. This means that the water cannot drain so the surface would have a lot of water atop. Although in the coastal areas, such as Prince Rupert, there would be leaching. This means that there is a downward movement of water that dissolves many chemical nutrients. There would not be as much humus in the soil due to the consistent precipitation in these regions.

If a fishing industry is built in Prince Rupert, the economy will be benefited. Since the forest industry in Prince Rupert is constantly being relied upon, the city will suffer immensely. If Prince Rupert is strongly supporting the economy for British Columbia with forestry, it may result in clear cutting forests. Clear cutting will have a negative effect on the environment and could lead to flooding, endangered species of animals, losing the diversity of trees, and increasing the amount of air pollutants. Instead, building a fishing industry and fishing for the right amount of fish (not over fishing) can not only help the civilians in this city by generating more money, but as well as contributing a larger amount towards Canada's economy.


In Prince Rupert, there are a vast amount of metamorphic and igneous rocks. Due to the Pacific Plate running underneath the North American Plate, it caused pressure and led to magma rising and cooling as these mountains. This caused a vast amount of  igneous rock to be formed, as there was cooling and solidification due to the plate tectonics to crash into each other. Moreover, the metamorphic rock is formed from being close to the molten magma, and thus, it is heated up and forms this type of rock in this region.  

Natural Disasters

This region has a risk of developing tsunamis and earthquakes due to the fact that it is a coastal region. Earthquakes usually occur in the Western Cordillera lays atop to the Juan de Fuca plate and the North American plate, which constantly crash into each other, as they are neighboring. Additionally, the polar ice caps melting from climate change can lead to rising sea levels. By bending, this can destabilize the earth's crust at a very slow pace, meaning we will not see significant consequences from this effect. Although, earthquakes could potentially occur in Prince Rupert and precautions must be taken into place. If a fishing industry is built, then we must consider the risk of natural disasters by building the industry to be light and flexible so it could prevent strong damage. Also, the building could be built with highly ductile materials that absorb energy.

Tsunamis may also occur due to the rising sea levels and the placement of Prince Rupert. Being situated on the coastline can have a risk of tsunamis. These happen because of the earthquakes or landslides are caused on the seafloor, as the rocks suddenly move past one another, which causes the water to move. If the fishery is built in Prince Rupert, it is best to keep in mind the placement of the building on higher elevation. In addition, sandbags could be used across the coast of Prince Rupert to provide further protection. They can act as barriers to reduce the damage since they are composed of heavy material so will not be washed away. Also, they can deflect the strong energy and absorb some of the water to reduce further destruction.  


If a fishing industry is built in the Western Cordillera of Prince Rupert, then it will positively help Canada's economy. Prince Rupert could export their fish to areas like the United States of America and Japan. These countries are Canada's highest consumers in fishing, and thus, we could export our goods for what we require. Moreover, Prince Rupert can export their fish to other provinces across Canada, such as Ontario. Ontario has become a main source for manufacturing, and Ontario is a very dense province. Thus, exporting fishes to urban areas can allow Prince Rupert to make a profit in what they are selling.

Usually, a pound of salmon costs approximately $6.00. Instead, Prince Rupert can make a profit by selling salmon to other areas for $8.00. Thus, Prince Rupert's economy can be positively impacted. Instead of selling fish for a minimal price, they should be sold at a higher price to make profit.

Fishery in Prince Rupert

For these reasons, a fishery should be made in Prince Rupert. There are many negative impacts of climate change and the risk of natural disasters, but it can be taken into precautions to prevent a severe damage. Although, if a fishery is built in Prince Rupert, it will out rule the negative impacts by positively contributing towards Canada's economy!

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