The Atomic Bomb
Nagasaki and Hiroshima
The war ended in 1945 after the United States dropped the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The bombs were used against Japan because they bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The name of the plane that dropped the bombs was Enola Gay. The plane took off from Tinian of the Mariana Islands. The first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The second bomb was dropped three days later on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The atomic bomb was invented by the scientist Albert Einstein. It was later tested in the deserts of New Mexico. This was known as the Manhattan Project.