By: Courtney Wallace

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols, letters, or words.


Dyslexia was first discovered in 1881 by a German physican Oswald Berkhan. The word dyslexia comes from the Greek words “dys”, which means difficulty, and “lexis”, which means word or speech. Most people with dyslexia have been found to have problems with identifying the separate speech sounds within a word and/or learning how letters represent those sounds, a key factor in their reading difficulties.

How does it affect your brain?

Firstly, Dyslexia affects the brain which the brain, which is the Central Nervous System. There are three parts of the brain that help us read: phonome recognizer, word analyzer, and the word detector. People with Dyslexia have problems with the Word Analyzer and the Word Detector. This can cause them to rely more heavily on sounding out words. Dyslexics may compensate by using the right side of the brain that relies on visuals from story pictures to decipher words. The main difficulty is with word recognition, reading fluency, spelling, and writing.

Some dyslexics manage to learn early reading and spelling tasks, especially with good instruction, but later experience their biggest problems when more complex language skills are required, such as grammar, understanding textbook material, and writing essays. People with dyslexia can also have problems with verbal language. They may find it difficult to express themselves clearly, or to fully understand what others mean when they speak. Language problems, like Dyslexia, are often difficult to recognize, but they can lead to major problems in school, at work, and when relating to other people. The effects of dyslexia reach well beyond the classroom. Most dyslexics feel uncomfortable with their self-image and how they communicate with others.


Dyslexia is a life-long condition. With the right help, many people with dyslexia can learn to read and write well. Early identification and treatment is the key to helping dyslexics achieve in school and in life. Most people with dyslexia need help from a teacher, tutor, or therapist specially trained in using a multisensory, structured language approach. There is no true cure to dyslexia, except for a lot tutoring and work with reading and understanding basic phonix.