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Limericks

Now we will tell you how to write limericks

  • You must have 5 lines in the format AABBA
  • The 'A' Lines - Lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme with each other and have the same number of syllables (typically 8 or 9).
  • The 'B' Lines - Lines 3 and 4 rhyme with each other and have the same number of syllables (typically 5 or 6).
  • Limericks often start with the line "There once was a..." or "There was a..."

Who/Which/Whose

We can use who or that when we talk about people.


Who is more formal than that.This is the man who helped us. (more formal)

This is the man that helped us. (less formal)

We don’t use what:
This is the man what helped us.We use which or that when we talk about things (but not people).

Which is more formal than that.It's the watch which my husband bought me for my birthday. (more formal)

It's the watch that my husband bought me for my birthday. (less formal)In informal speech, we can omit whichand that when the pronoun refers to the object of the sentence.It's the watch my husband bought me for my birthday.

In this sentence, 'the watch' is the object of the verb bought so we don’t need to use that or which.We cannot omit which and that when the pronoun refers to the subject of the sentence.It was the man that sold me the car.

In this sentence, 'the man' is the subject of the verb sold so we need to use that orwho.
It was the man sold me the car.We use whose to show possession.John, whose brother was also a musician, plays over 100 concerts every year.

Forming Pr.Simple.Passive


Affirmative FormObject + am / is / are + verb3 (past participle)Question FormAm / Is / Are + Object + verb3 (past participle) ?

1. Many people read this writer's articles.

.2. Jackie milks the cows every morning.


.3. Benny never understands the new teacher.


.4. Everybody loves chocolate.


.5. Kids always eat candies.


6. The American people elect the members of Congress.


.7. Does the mechanic check the brakes regularly?

Indirect Questions

Phrases for Indirect Questions

  • Could you tell me…
  • Do you know…
  • I was wondering…
  • Do you have any idea…
  • I’d like to know…
  • Would it be possible…
  • Is there any chance…

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