Causes of The American Recvolution
Treaty of Paris
The document that ended the French and Indian war was the Treaty of Paris. It was from King George III. This document was signed in 1763 and gave Britain control of all territory east of Mississippi and Canada. France lost all claims to Canada, Spain gained Louisiana, and Britain received Spanish Florida as well.
Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763, issued by King George III, regulated the settlement of land in North America. It states that the land west of the proclamation line was not to be settled on by the colonists. the proclamation came about due to the Indians wanting their land.
The Sugar Act was an act that put a tax on sugar and tax on molasses. Molasses is the main ingredient in rum which was very popular. This act was put in place to help the British with dept from the French and Indian War. It was placed upon the colonists. The colonist responded with boycotts and protests. The act was repealed in 1766 and replaced with the Revenue Act of 1766.
The stamp act of 1765 was the first internal tax placed directly upon the colonists. This was a tax on all paper products that was issued to make Britain more money. The colonists argued that they had no representation; therefore they should not be taxed by parliament. The tax was repealed in 1766 because of of violent protests.
On March 5, 1770 the Boston Massacre occurred. A squad of British soldiers were being harassed by colonial people. They were being pelted with snowballs and rocks, and beaten with clubs. The colonists made it out to be an attack by the British. The Boston Massacre is remembered as a key event in helping more people commit to the patriot cause.
The Tea Act was passed in 1773. It was passed to prop up the East India Company which was struggling financially. This was the final spark of the revolutionary movement in Boston. It effected anyone who bought tea. In response to this, the colonists did not allow the British ships to unload their cargo.
The Boston Tea Party
The Boston tea party occurred in December of 1773. this famous act of defiance was a colonial protest against taxation. The people of New York, Charleston, and Philadelphia rejected the tea ships. On the night of December 16th 1773 the Sons of Liberty and Samuel Adams went on 3 ships and threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. This resulted in the British and colonies being one step closer to the war.
The Coercive Acts
The Coercive Acts (or Intolerable Acts) were a set of laws taxing the colonists. These acts included the Boston Port Act, Administration of Justice Act, Massachusetts Act, Quartering act and the Quebec Act. They were all pealed in 1770 except for the tea tax.
Lexington and Concord
British general , General Gage, had a plan to take the American minutemen by surprise at Lexington. Word leaked out and Paul Revere had his famous midnight ride. In Concord, the British were supposed to seize all of the colonists gunpowder. Their plan fell through when the colonists found out, so it was not a success on the British side.
Second Continental Congress Meets
The Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 colonies from 1774-1789. The Second Continental Congress met in 1775, after the Revolutionary War had begun. The meeting took place in Philadelphia. At this meeting, it was decided that they would create the Continental Army. The Congress also authorized the printing of money to pay for the war debt that was sure to come.
Georgia's Representatives Sent to Congress
Georgia finally joined the Continental Congress in 1775. People from all of Georgia’s parishes were realizing that joining was a good idea. Scotts from Darien felt strongly about joining. Georgia sent three representatives to the Second Continental Congress meeting. The three representatives were; Noble W. Jones, Archibald Bulloch, and John Houstoun.
Declaration of Independence
With the Revolutionary War in full swing, the independence movement was no longer just an idea. The Continental Congress appointed Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin to write the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson did most of the writing and the others did the drafting and editing. The famous document was formally adopted in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.