This presentation is about The Republic of Turkey. At the end of this presentation students will learn about the establishment of the Turkish Republic with Ataturk as its first president...
The attempt of the victorious Allies to control the Anatolian territory led to the Turkish War of Independence (1918-23).
Following the occupation of Istanbul in 1920 by the British, Italian and French, a Greek army advanced from Izmir deep into Anatolia.
While the sultan offered no resistance, under the leadership of Kemal Ataturk, the Turkish Nationalists overturned the postwar settlement embodied in the Treaty of Sévres and established the Republic of Turkey, formally recognized by the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
Mustafa Kemal retired his military uniform and inspired the people to an even greater task: Transformation of the country into the democratic, secular Republic of Turkey.