4.01 Portfolio: Natural Fibers


          The soft, white, downy fiber (boll) attached to the seed of a cotton plant.

  • Details:Most used, grown in the south and warm climates
  • Characteristics of the Fiber: durable, strong, absorbent, cool to wear, shrinks in hot water, easily wrinkle
  • Care for Fiber: machine wash, tumble dry at med temps, and warm - hot iron
  • Uses for Fiber: underwear, socks, shirts, blouses, jeans, towels, sheets


                                     The fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of sheep

  • Details: Primary sources: New Zealand, UK, South America, Australia
  • Characteristics of the Fiber: Warmest fiber, soft, resilient, flame retardant, moisture slowly, shrink in machine, and affected by moths
  • Care for Fiber: dry clean or hand wash, no dryer, cool iron
  • Uses for Fiber:sweaters, suits, coats, blankets, rugs, and carpet


                                  The fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant

  • Details: Grown in Eastern Europe, made from weaving and knitting
  • Characteristic of the Fiber: Strong, durable, lustrous, smooth, comfortable, and cool
  • Care for Fiber: Hand wash or dry clean and iron while damp
  • Uses for Fiber: Pants, Blazer, Table Liens, and Upholstery


The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm

  • Details: Made in China, Asia, and India, streams harder into fiber
  • Characteristic of the Fiber:  Luxurious, strongest, expensive, easily spots, and weakens in sun exposure
  • Care for Fiber: dry clean or hand wash and press in-side out-side with warm iron
  • Uses for Fiber: Wedding gowns, lingerie, and men's ties