What is it?

Hemophilia is a disorder in which the blood doesn't clot normally because it lacks sufficient blood-clotting proteins.

It may cause bleeding for a longer period of time if cut. Internal bleeding can be caused easily, and is more serious in the elbows, knees, and ankles.


  • Excessive/unexplained bleeding
  • Many bruises
  • Pain; swelling and tightness in the joints
  • Nosebleeds
  • Blood in urine and stool
  • Unexplained irritability

Emergency Signs & Symptoms

If you are a hemophiliac and experience any of the following symptoms, medical help is needed immediately:

  • Sudden pain, swelling, and warmth in large joints
  • Severe bleeding from an injury
  • Painful, prolonged headache
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Neck pain
  • Double vision

Causes & Types

Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that does not have a cure. There are three types of Hemophilia:

Type A: Most common

Type B: Second most common

Type C: Signs and symptoms are mild

Treatment for Bleeding Episodes

  • Mild hemophilia A: Slow injection of hormone desmopressin (DDAVP) into vein to stimulate the release of more clotting factor to stop bleeding
  • Moderate to severe type A & B: Infusion of clotting factor from donated human blood
  • Type C: Plasma infusions to stop bleeding episode

Ongoing Treatment

  • Regular infusions of DDAVP
  • Clot preserving medications
  • Fibrin sealants
  • Physical Therapy
  • First aid for minor cuts
  • Vaccinations

Comment Stream