James Madison was born March 16, 1751 and died June 28 1836. He was the 4th president of the United States. He was the smallest or shortest of all the presidents. After graduation, he took an interest in the relationship between the American colonies and Britain. When Virginia began prepping for the American Revolutionary War, he was appointed a colonel in the Orange County Militia, but he soon gave up a military career for a political one. He was able to present his ideas for an effective government system in his "Virginia Plan" , which detailed a government with three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. In congress, he helped frame the Bill Of Rights and enact the first revenue legislation. He attended the college of New Jersey. He participated in the framing of the Virginia Constitution in 1776, served in the Continental Congress, and was a leader in the Virginia Assembly. He protested to warring France and Britain that their seizure of American ships was contrary to international law.