Pearl Harbor

From JaCorian Johnson and Braden Walton

-Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii

-the attack on Pearl Harbor was intended to neutralize the U.S.

-Pearl Harbor was originally an extensive deep embayment called Wai Nomi

-The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific andEuropean theaters.

-the first wave of Pear Harbor carried most of the weapons to attack capital ships mainly specially adapted aerial torpedoes

-the attack was at 7:48 am Hawaiian time

-the attack and place before any formal deceleration of war was made by japan

-The attack had several major aims. First, it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese conquest of the Dutch East Indies and Malaya

-The barrage lasted just two hours

-The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels

-More than 2,000 Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack

-The day after the assault, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan

-Japanese allies Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States, and again Congress reciprocated.

-The Japanese specifically chose to attack on a Sunday because they believed Americans would be more relaxed and thus less alert on a weekend.

-When the Japanese left Pearl Harbor at 9:45 a.m., the Americans didn't realize the attack was actually over. They expected another wave to hit.

-The Japanese lost 65 men, with an additional soldier being captured.

-The attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II.

-The Japanese used the codename "Operation Hawaii" for the attack on Pearl Harbor. This later changed to "Operation Z

-Pearl Harbor was not in the state of high alert when the attack started, Anti-Aircraft guns were left unmanned.

-The memorial was dedicated on May 30, 1962.

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