Where Common Zebra's Live...
The plains zebra, also known as the common zebra, is the most abundant of three species of zebra, inhabiting the grasslands of eastern and southern Africa. They are very interesting animals and super intriguing. Below is a map of where common zebras are located.
There are three different types of zebras. Most of the zebra's live in Africa.
What Do Common Zebras Eat
Zebras are strictly terrestrial herbivores and they predominantly feed on shrubs, herbs, twigs, leaves, several fallen fruit, aquatic vegetation, cultivated crops, roots, bark, but they prefer to eat green shoots. Even the diet of low-nutritional quality fulfills their dietary needs because of their adaptable digestive system.
Why I Chose This Animal...
I chose the common zebra because I love zebras (and their stripes). I thought it would be interesting to learn more about zebra's. Zebra's have always peeked my interest. When I was in art, I made zebra stripes prints, so I thought it would be a good idea to research a zebra. Zebra's have night vision, and so they can see really good in the night.
Physical and Behavioral Adaptaitions
They have stripes which are a form of camouflage. The stripes are like the dazzles, which hide the outline of the zebra's body. This way, the predators have a harder time measuring the distance to eat the zebra's. Also, the stripes confuse some of the flies because they are not the same as all of the other animals. The male zebra's have enlarged their canine teeth over the years to help fight the predators. Also when the the males fight off the predators, they have a big chance of finding a mate, and reproducing. Over the time zebra's digestive system has adapted to the food, and how to find nutrients in something that doesn't have very much of it in the food. In the behavioral adaptation, unlike all the other species of horses, the zebra's don't all herd together. They herd along with other animals like giraffes. The more in the herd, the more eyes there are to see the predators coming. That is why there are still common zebra's today.
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If a toxic chemical would be introduced to the zebra environment, it might be able to survive overtime, but it will probably die. Zebras have less biomass than lions. Bio-accumulation happens when the zebras gets to much of the chemical, and dies. If the chemical(s) were to kill the zebra, everything that the zebra(s), would overpopulate. Bio-magnification happens when the lions will die because when they eat the zebra, they will get infected with the bad chemical, and die. They still might survive by eating the giraffes (which they also eat along with the zebras). If there were ever to come a toxic chemical to come to the zebra, they might not be able to take the bad things in the chemical and die.
A mutualistic relationship is between the zebra and ox-pecker. The ox-pecker eats ticks and other parasites off of the zebra. They both benefit because the ox-peckers get food and the zebra's get pest control. Another example of mututalistic relationship between the ox-pecker and the zebra is when there is danger coming, the ox-pecker fly above the zebras screaming their call to warn the zebras. Also the zebra and ostrich have a mutualistic relationship because the zebra has great hearing and sense of smell, but its sight isn't very good. The ostrich only has great sight. They help warn each other about danger.
In a parasitic relationship, the zebra gets hurt by the ox-pecker. The ox-pecker also picks on the zebra's wounds. The zebra is harmed while the ox-pecker is benefited.
An example of a commensalistic relationship is between the zebras and egrets. The zebras go through the grass and mix up the bugs. The egrets get better food, and the zebras are unaffected. Also, the bugs feed on the zebra's poop.
A predator Prey relationship, the zebra is a prey for the lion, and the plants are prey for the zebras.
Population of zebra's
As you see, the zebra population rose, than it dropped. The trait that made them higher in population was they got learned a new survival method where they were able to pack up in a group with other animals. The thing that made their population drop was the way there were too many animals animals and they did not blend in very well. In the future, I think that the population of zebra's will grow over time because they found a way to grow and reproduce.