THE STATE OF OREGON

POPULATION
3,970,239

STATE FLAG

The Oregon state flag was adopted in 1925 and is the only U.S. state flag that displays different images on front and back. The flag has gold lettering and symbols on a field of navy blue (blue and gold are Oregon's state colors). The flag's face displays part of the state seal and the words STATE OF OREGON 1859 (the year Oregon was admitted to the Union).

STATE FLOWER
OREGON GRAPE BLOSSOM

Oregon designated the Oregon grape blossom as the official state flower in 1899. Also called holly-leaved barberry, the Oregon grape is a shrub native to much of the Pacific coast and and is also found sparsely east of the Cascades. Its year-round foliage of pinnated, waxy green leaves resembles holly.and resists wilting (the foliage is sometimes used by florists for greenery).

The Oregon grape plant bears dainty yellow flowers in early summer and a dark blue berry that ripens late in the fall. The fruit is tart and bitter, containing large seeds, but can be used in cooking (used to make jelly locally). The inner bark of the larger stems and roots of Oregon grape can be used to make a yellow dye.

STATE BIRD
WESTERN MEADOWLARK

The western meadowlark was chosen as the state bird of Oregon in 1927 by the state's school children in a poll sponsored by the Oregon Audubon Society. The western meadowlark is a familiar songbird of open country across the western two-thirds of the continent.

STATE TREE
DOUGLAS FIR

Oregon designated the Douglas fir as the official state tree in 1939. Named after a Scottish botanist who traveled through Oregon in the 1820's, the Douglas fir can grow to a height of 325 feet and have a 15 foot diameter trunk (averaging 200 feet in height and six feet in diameter). The timber from Douglas firs is said to be stronger than concrete.

THINGS TO DO

Crater Lake has inspired people for thousands of years. No place else on earth combines a deep, pure lake, so blue in color; sheer surrounding cliffs, almost two thousand feet high; two picturesque islands; and a violent volcanic past. It is a place of immeasurable beauty, and an outstanding outdoor laboratory and classroom.

Portland, Oregon offers the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry. Its core fan base is still the half-pints, who can feel an earthquake and learn about physics in Turbine Hall, conduct their own experiments in the interactive labs or watch storms form on a giant globe. The hands-on Science Playground is designed for kids 6 and under and, thankfully, the splash area has adult-size waterproof aprons in case Mom and Dad want to get in on the fun without getting soaked.

Have you ever climbed the stairs of a lighthouse? Wondered what it was like to be a lighthouse keeper?  Viewed a working lens? We invite you to visit Yaquina Head Lighthouse, where these questions and more will be answered, as you tour this historic structure.  The 93 foot tower, Oregon’s tallest, is located on a narrow point of land jutting due west into the Pacific Ocean north of Newport, at Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area.  Winds and rain have buffeted this lighthouse since its beginning in 1872. It took approximately one year, and over 370,000 bricks to construct Oregon’s tallest lighthouse.