``The distant tundra
The tundra is a weird place on earth where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short seasons for growing. There are 3 types of tundras, arctic tundra, alpine tundra, and Antarctic tundra. There are several animals and plants that can either be exclusivly found here or is at least known for being here. Such as...
And what would a habitat be without its abiotic factors...
^ example of snow affecting the trees in the tundra
There are many, many more than those, so here is a list of the main biotic and abiotic factors:
Air Artic wolf
Water Artic hare
But you're probably asking: "laaaandon, what about carrying capacity? What am I paying you for?!"
Well... The carrying capacity of a species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain, given the food, habitat, water, and other recources available in the environment. Some of the resources needed are. A population needs: food, water, cover, and space.
If snowy owls don't have enough resources for the amount of owls in the environment, they will die. If they don't, the population will stay around.
Limiting factors are things that limit the growth of a population. Most of the limiting factors in the tundra are for the plants.
- growing seasons are short
-temperature is very low
- poor soil
This affects the consumers that eat the plants (artic hare), which then affects the predators of those consumers (artic wolves) by not having enough food.
But we're only gettin started...
Energy rolls are the transformations between consumers in an ecosystem. Some of the organisms that have energy rolls to other consumers are:
The bearberry plant.
The plant gets it's energy from the sun and from water. This energy goes to the consumer of that plant, and that energy goes to the consumer of that consumer (aka the predator).
Which leads me to...
FOOD CHAINS/ WEBS
Food webs are similar to food chains, but webs are more realistic. You see, a food web presents energy going to multiple predators and plants giving energy to multiple consumers, while a food chain shows energy going to just one consumer after another.
If one organism was removed from this web, then the web would become chaos. Sure, some organisms can survive without, but a lot of consumers rely on a specific species of organism.
Energy pyramids and trophic levels
An energy pyramid is like a food chain, but has a big difference. Ya see, the reason that an energy pyramid is shaped like a pyramid (its really more of a triangle) because the energy being passed to the different trophic levels keeps getting less and less. This leads to the bottom part being big, and then getting smaller as it goes up.