The I.S.S stands for International Space Station. The I.S.S is the space station at this time. Some of the countries involved in the I.S.S are USA, Canada, Japan, Russia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The I.S.S was launched on november 20th 1998 and put together in space. The max speed of the I.S.S is 27,000 km/h also the I.S.S is the size of a football field and if you wanted to buy the I.S.S it would cost you $150, 000, 000, 000. There are very many experiments under way right now of many different things.
Right now there are 6 men and women on the I.S.S doing all sorts of things.
Canadarm was released November 13th 1981. Another name for Canadarm is SRMS which stands for The Shuttle Remote Manipulator System. The Canadarm retired in July 2011 following the Space Shuttle Program’s final mission. There are many different parts of Canadarm which are very complex.
Canadarm was a major part of Canadian history.
Hubble Space telescope
Hubble- The Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most famous telescopes. It is the first optical space observatory telescope. Being above the atmosphere means it can see the sky more clearly than a telescope on the ground, because the atmosphere blurs starlight before it reaches earth. Named after the astronomer Edwin Hubble, the Hubble Space Telescope can observe 24 hours a day. See the fact file below for more information about the Hubble Telescope.
Dextre- Dextre is the third and final component of the Mobile Servicing System developed by Canada for the ISS. The two‐armed Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, also known as "Dextre". Dextre can perform delicate human‐scale tasks such as removing and replacing small exterior components. Operated by crew members inside the station or by flight controllers on the ground, it also is equipped with lights, video equipment, a stowage platform, and three robotic tools.
Entertainment in space
Entertainment- The astronauts can bring some of their own belongings with them. For example Commander Chris Hadfeild Enjoys playing his guitar for entertain ment for him and people all over the world. Astronauts can spend their leisure time in the same way that they would on Earth by reading their favorite books, listening to music, etc..
Also, since the Earth and stars that they're able to see from the Space stations windows are so beautiful, the astronauts will spend their time by enjoying the view and taking pictures. In the International Space Station, they can watch DVD movies and, once a week, they're able to talk with their families.
First aid in space
First Aid- On the ISS there is always a Medical officer on board, the Medical Officer is trained not only for the usual first-aid treatments, but also for other medical matters such as, stitching up wounds and giving injections. All astronauts are trained for emergency resuscitation in case of heart attacks. Many medical instruments and medicine are included in the Space Stations medical kit.
Exercise in space
Exercise- On Earth, except while sleeping, human beings are always moving against the force of gravity, with their muscles and bones supporting their body. In space, however, the body does not need to do this supporting work, since there is no force of gravity. This has an adverse effect on the body with the bones and muscles becoming weaker. In order to keep the body working, the astronauts need a proper amount of exercise. They will exercise approximately two hours every day using exercise machines, such as treadmills and ergometers. The treadmill is a machine on which, the astronauts do running exercises with their bodies strapped to it. The Ergometer is a machine similar to a bicycle without wheels. The amount of exercise can be adjusted by changing the pedal's pressure.
Food in space
Food- At the beginning of the 1960's, space food was bite-sized or placed in aluminum tubes. The food was prepared this way so that they wouldn't be too heavy or take up too much space. From the 1970's, during the Apollo period, the number of space food items began to increase. Currently, there are about 150 different types of food. The meals are very similar to the meals we eat on Earth. Space foods are in plastic containers. Some space foods can resume their consistency by adding cold or hot water, while others can be heated up in the oven. Foods such as fruits, bread and nuts can be eaten just as they are. When drinking liquids, a straw is used to suck the liquid out of a sealed package. This is done so that it will not spill or possibly cause any damage to machines.
On the International Space Station, 300 different types of food are on the menu.
Sleeping in space
Sleeping- Sleeping is a little different in space. There is no up or down, and everything is weightless. Astronauts can attach their sleeping bags to a wall or a ceiling, and sleep anywhere as long as they don’t float around and bump into something. On the International Space Station, most of the crew sleep in their own small cabins. If there are not enough of these for everyone on board, an astronaut can sleep in one of the ISS modules. The American quarters are private, soundproof booths where a crew member can also listen to music, use a laptop, and store personal effects in a large drawer or in nets attached to the cabin walls. The cabin also has a reading lamp, a shelf and a desktop. It is important that sleeping quarters are well ventilated. Otherwise, astronauts can wake up deprived of oxygen and gasping for air, because a bubble of their own exhaled carbon dioxide has formed around their heads.