The Holocaust was a state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaboration, between 1933 to 1945.
America and the Holocaust:
Where were we?
The US states department policies made it very difficult for refugees to get entry visas. This was hard because the states department's attitude was influenced by the hardships of the great depression. But despite the limitation on the immigration laws in america by 1939 and 1940 more than half of the immigrates in the United States were Jewish, most of them from Europe. Despite many obstacles more than 200,000 Jews found refugee in the united states. Once america found out about the final solution Stephen Wise, who was President of the World Jewish Congress, wanted to make it public but the state department wanted to make sure that it was real and not a false statement. Finally on November 24, 1942 Wise held a press conference to announce that Hitler planned on massacring most of the Jews in Europe. A few weeks later on December 17th the United States, Great Britain and ten other allied governments issued a war on Nazi Germany. The declaration warned Nazi Germany that it would be held responsible for these crimes.
Antisemitism: What is it
The word antisemitism means prejudice against or hatred of Jews. The Holocaust was the biggest antisemitism in world history. During 1879, a German journalist originated the word antisemitism, denoting the hatred of Jews, and also hatred of various liberal, cosmopolitan, and international political trends of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries often associated with Jews. The specific hatred against Jews, however preceded the modern era and the coining of the term antisemitism. In the nineteenth century "veolkisch movement" (folk or peoples movement), which was made up of German philosophers, scholars and artist who thought/ viewed Jewish people as a alien or as "non-German". The Nazi party, founded in 1919 and was lead by Adolf Hitler, gave political theories of racism. The Nazi's gained popularity by disseminating anti-Jew movements or propaganda. Millions of people bought a book written by Hitler's book called Mein Kampf (my struggle), which basically called for the removal of most Jews. When the Nazis rose to power in 1933, they called for anti-Jewish boycotts and book burnings. Many of the Nazis called the Jews ''blood" and destroyed there stores and more. This is an example of Antisemitism in history.
Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazi's made more than 20,000 camps to imprison there victims. There were many different uses for these camps, such as forced labor, transit camps which served as temporary way stations, and killing centers. They built these camps for people they called ''enemies of the state" to imprison and eliminate them. Most of the prisoners in the early camps were German communist, Socialists, Social Democrats, Roma (Gypsies),Jehovah's witness, homosexuals, and persons accused of "asocial" or socially deviant behavior. These were called "concentration camps" because they imprison those that are physically "concentrated" in one location. After the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, the Nazi's opened forced labor camps where thousands of prisoners died of exhaustion, starvation, and exposure. During world war ll the camps expanded and grew a lot.