Industrial Revolution Inventor

Richard Trevithick

Richard Trevithick

steam locomotive


Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) 62 years old was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England, UK.On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales.
During the prime of his career, he was a well-respected and known figure in mining and engineering, but near the end of his life and after he fell out of the public eye. Today, his legacy is mostly known to the mining, engineering, and railway circles.
In 1797 he married Jane Harvey of a prominent engineering family. She bore him six children, one of whom, Francis, became locomotive superintendent of the London & North Western Railway and later wrote a biography of his father.


Trevithick spent his youth at the village school. The schoolmaster described him as “disobedient, slow and obstinate.” The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an expert of steam-powered road and rail transport. Trevithick was obsess in mining and engineering from a young age.

His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high-pressure steam engine, he also builtthe first full-scale working railway steam locomotive.

Throughout his professional career, he went through many ups and downs, and at one point faced financial ruin, also suffering from the strong rivalry of many mining and steam engineers of the day.

Because of his intuitive ability to solve problems that perplexed educated engineers, he obtained his first job as engineer to several Cornish ore mines in 1790 at the age of 19.

Skills of Steam locomotive:

A steam locomotive is a railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine. These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material, usually coal, wood or oil, to produce steam in aboiler, which drives the steam engine. Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons (tenders) pulled behind.Steam locomotives were first developed in Great Britain during the early 19th century and dominated railway transport until the middle of the 20th century. From the early 1900s they were gradually superseded byelectric and diesel locomotives.

Effect on Industrial Revolution:

The invention of the steam engine was the catalyst for the industrial revolution. The steam locomotive changed the way things were made and delivered to people all over the world. The engine allowed for changes in manufacturing and transportation of people and goods as well as jobs available to people in order to run the new machinery. This changed the way of life for most people as economy diversified from being centered on agriculture.

Comment Stream