Social Studies: Common Exam Review

Democracy -  A government ruled or controlled by the people or an elected representative.

Direct Democracy - A democracy that relies solely upon the choices of the people. A country that uses this type of government is Switzerland.

Representative Democracy - A democracy that uses elected officials to make decisions and pass laws in the government. An example of this type of government is the United States.  

Autocracy - a system of government by one person with absolute power.

Monarchy - A government ruled by one person who has inherited the throne from ancestors or relatives who came before them. An example of this type of government is the one used in Great Britain.

Absolute Monarchy - A government where the monarch has absolute control over a country. An example of this would be Saudi Arabia.

Constitutional Monarchy - A form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State. An example of this type of government is the United Kingdom.

Dictatorship - a country governed by a dictator. An example of of this type of government would be China.

Theocracy - A government ruled by god or a higher power. An example of this type of government would be The Vatican.

Oligarchy - A government that is ruled by a group of people. An example of this type of government is in Venezuela.

Anarchy - A government that isn't ruled by anyone and all of the citizens are on an equal playing field. An example is Belize.

Communism - Communism is where the government is in control of everything. An example would be Russia.