World War I
Causes of World War I
There were many things that led to the first World War. First was the alliances that were formed such as Germany and Austria-Hungary as well as France and Russia. When one country would get into a war, the other was there to help and the alliances began to grow. Also militarism was a major effect. The fact that all these countries were ready and armed for war did not help. The main reason that sparked the war was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
When Ferdinand was assassinated, he was almost making himself vulnerable to show Serbia that he isn't afraid of Serbia and wanted to show that he wanted to be at peace. The assassination of Fran Ferdinand was the main event to spark World War I. The fact that this was Serbia's doing, Austria-Hungary felt the need to do something about it.
The Schlieffen Plan was a battle plan Germany created. Germany believed that they would be at war with France and Russia at the same time. Germany believed that France was weak and that they could beat them easily. They also thought that if they went through Belgium it would help to create a surprise attack on France. Not only was Belgium upset by this, but Germany's plan failed. They believed that Russia would take 60 days to get troops ready and get to the border of Germany. They were wrong, they were ready much quicker. They plan that defeating France also did not prevail, the war went on for a very long time. In conclusion, the Schlieffen plan was not the best idea.
In WWI, there were many advances made in modern warfare technology. One invention was the machine gun. This was made for shooting rapid fire, and the soldiers would not have to refill their guns as often. Another invention was the tank. This made for more damage done, and more protection for the soldiers inside. The next new weapon was the poison gas. There were some that would blind, but others were used to suffocate to death.
This was a new war tactic made in WWI. This was a very long and grueling fight. Many men would result in having mental illnesses because when they were waiting for something to happen, they would have nothing else to do but think. This war tactic was not useful and would result in men being stuck in in the trench and not being able to get away. It was also unsanitary because dead bodies would lay there for weeks on end.
Battle of Marne River
This was the first time of the use of radio intercepts and started the use of trench warfare. This was a major turning point in the war because this was when Germany believed that it would beat paris quick and easily, but they were very wrong. France took advantaged of the Germans overthinking their strategy and best them in this battle.
Battle of the Somme
This is one of the most gruesome battles to be fought during the war. There were 1.5 million men lost during this war. It is know as one of the most bloody battles to be fought to this day. The Germans won this battle against the French.
Battle of Verdun
The Battle of Verdun was the longest battle of WWI. This battle was fought from February to December. This was the very first battle fought with Germany against France and France lost a lot of soldiers primarily in this battle.
Treaty of Brest-Litvosk
This treaty allowed for Russia to get out of the war. They were loosing troops and artillery and overall just losing the war. When they left the war, this allowed Russia to focus on their own problems such as their government rather than the world issues.
Total war is when the entire nation puts in effort to help the soldiers. Rations were put into ace to make sure that soldiers had all the resources they needed. Many people started making their own gardens as a source of food. Car factories started making military warfare and put car productivity aside.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was signed by the allied powers. This treaty basically blamed Germany for the war and made them pay for all of the reparations. This treaty ended the war.