Hitler's Rise To Power

Sarah Cole

Political Environment

The Reichstag, elected for a four-year term, was the central legislative body under the Constitution of the Weimar Republic. Its main functions were legislation, including approval of the budget, and scrutiny of the Reich Government. It organized its work by means of a system of permanent committees. The Chancellor was not elected by Parliament but appointed by the President of the Reich. In the exercise of his office the Chancellor depended on the confidence of the Reichstag. The President of the Reich, directly elected by the people, was vested with extensive powers by the Weimar Constitution so that he would be a counterweight to the Reichstag. The party system included the SPD, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, as well as the Centre Party (Zentrum), whom saw its role as the political representative of the interests of the Catholic population, the KPD/ the Communist Party, and lastly the DDP, the German Democratic Party. At the start of the 1930s, the nationalist, racist and anti-Semitic National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) benefited from the insecurity and social misery that afflicted broad sections of the population during the Great Depression to become the largest party in Parliament in 1932, although it was unable to attain an overall majority.

Hitler's Ideas

- To unite Germans

- Anti- Semitism

- To restore the glory of the German states

Why was this persuasive to the people?

Germany just came out of the first World War and Hitler gave the people what they wanted to believe and wanted to hear. Hitler gave them hope and something to believe in. At the time, Hitler made sense to people, he united people by providing explanations for Germany's problems. He used persuasion through speeches, which were incredibly powerful, and propaganda.

Hitler used Children in propaganda to symbolize innocence and persuade people into thinking what he was doing innocent. Mein Kampf was the first place we saw propaganda used, in which it advocated the use of propaganda to spread the ideals of National Socialism. Propaganda also encouraged passivity and acceptance of the impending measures against Jews, as these appeared to depict the Nazi government as stepping in and “restoring order.” Nazi propaganda was essential to motivating those who implemented the mass murder of the European Jews and of other victims of the Nazi regime.

Hitler was known for his persuasive speeches in which he could persuade the people of Germany to side with him, this was one speech in which his tone and way he carried himself throughout the speech helped him and the Nazi party gain followers.

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