Early American Tribes - Olmec

Maria, Frances, Stevan, & Nate


1.) Location: south central Mexico

2.) Climate: Tropical

3.) Major physical features: Tuxtlas Mountains, Bay of Campeche


1.) Famous leaders: none/unknown

2.) Leadership structure: chiefs, nobles, artisans, peasants

War & Conflict

Many chiefs in the region fought each other power/control.


1.) Major natural resources: greenstone, seashells (Marine shell)

2.) Trading partners: Meso-America

3.) Trade items: salt, animal products (pelts & bright bird feathers), seashells.

                              *did not trade food because everyone farmed in the land*


1.) Roles of men and women: Men - hunting; Women - care of children, active role in agriculture, in charge of child sacrifice

2.) Education: children mentored parents

3.) Architecture: individual dwellings consisted of a house, an associated lean-to and storage pits. Modest temples may be associated with larger villages. Also built aqueducts, pyramids, and large stone heads (seen above).

4.) Clothing: Men - cloth, belt, apron, & shoes; Women: skirts & cloth. All clothing was made from either cotton or bark.

5.) Cuisine: beans, maize, manioc, sweet potatoes, fish, turtles, snakes, birds, raccoon, rabbit, avocados, domesticated dogs, etc.

6.) Religion: religious ceremonies were performed by rulers, priests, and shamans.

Impact on the Modern World

1.) How it has affected the world today: it is the mother of all meso-american tribes. Their religion influenced many.

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