Early American Tribes - Olmec
Maria, Frances, Stevan, & Nate
1.) Location: south central Mexico
2.) Climate: Tropical
3.) Major physical features: Tuxtlas Mountains, Bay of Campeche
1.) Famous leaders: none/unknown
2.) Leadership structure: chiefs, nobles, artisans, peasants
War & Conflict
Many chiefs in the region fought each other power/control.
1.) Major natural resources: greenstone, seashells (Marine shell)
2.) Trading partners: Meso-America
3.) Trade items: salt, animal products (pelts & bright bird feathers), seashells.
*did not trade food because everyone farmed in the land*
1.) Roles of men and women: Men - hunting; Women - care of children, active role in agriculture, in charge of child sacrifice
2.) Education: children mentored parents
3.) Architecture: individual dwellings consisted of a house, an associated lean-to and storage pits. Modest temples may be associated with larger villages. Also built aqueducts, pyramids, and large stone heads (seen above).
4.) Clothing: Men - cloth, belt, apron, & shoes; Women: skirts & cloth. All clothing was made from either cotton or bark.
5.) Cuisine: beans, maize, manioc, sweet potatoes, fish, turtles, snakes, birds, raccoon, rabbit, avocados, domesticated dogs, etc.
6.) Religion: religious ceremonies were performed by rulers, priests, and shamans.
Impact on the Modern World
1.) How it has affected the world today: it is the mother of all meso-american tribes. Their religion influenced many.